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1 Chronicles 9:2

    1 Chronicles 9:2 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Now the first inhabitants that dwelled in their possessions in their cities were, the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Now the first to take up their heritage in their towns were: Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.

    Webster's Revision

    Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.

    World English Bible

    Now the first inhabitants who lived in their possessions in their cities were Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim.

    Clarke's Commentary on 1 Chronicles 9:2

    Now the first inhabitants - This is spoken of those who returned from the Babylonish captivity, and of the time in which they returned; for it is insinuated here that other persons afterwards settled at Jerusalem, though these mentioned here were the first on the return from the captivity. Properly speaking, the divisions mentioned in this verse constituted the whole of the Israelitish people, who were, ever since the days of Joshua, divided into the four following classes:

    1. The priests.

    2. The Levites.

    3. The common people, or simple Israelites.

    4. The Nethinim, or slaves of the temple, the remains of the Gibeonites, who, having deceived Joshua, were condemned to this service Joshua 9:21, etc. In David's time it is probable that other conquered people were added, as the successors of the Gibeonites were not sufficient to perform all the drudgery of the temple service.

    Barnes' Notes on 1 Chronicles 9:2

    The first inhabitants - i. e. the first inhabitants of the holy land after the return from the captivity. They are enumerated under four heads:

    (1) Israelites, i. e. the mass of the laity, whether belonging to the ten tribes or the two;

    (2) priests;

    (3) Levites; and

    (4) the lowest order of the ministry, the Nethinims.

    These last, whose name is derived from a root "to give," were a sort of sacred slaves - persons "given" to the Levites to perform the more laborious duties of the sanctuary. Some had been "given" as early as the time of Moses Numbers 31:47; and the number afterward increased Joshua 9:23; Ezra 8:20. At the time of the return from the captivity, owing to the small number of Levites who came back Ezra 2:40-42, the services of the Nethinims became very important. They are mentioned under the name of Nethinims only in Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah.