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1 Kings 4:5

    1 Kings 4:5 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, and the king's friend;

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Azariah, the son of Nathan, was over those in authority in the different divisions of the country; Zabud, the son of Nathan, was priest and the king's friend;

    Webster's Revision

    and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, and the king's friend;

    World English Bible

    and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, [and] the king's friend;

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was priest, and the king's friend;

    Clarke's Commentary on 1 Kings 4:5

    Azariah - was over the officers - He had the superintendence of the twelve officers mentioned below; see 1 Kings 4:7.

    Zabud - was principal officer - Perhaps what we call premier, or prime minister.

    The king's friend - His chief favourite - his confidant.

    Barnes' Notes on 1 Kings 4:5

    The son of Nathan - It is uncertain whether the Nathan of this verse is the prophet or the son of David 2 Samuel 5:14. While on the one hand the position of "king's friend" is more likely to have been held by a contemporary, which the prophet's son would have been, than by one so much younger as the son of a younger brother; on the other hand the title "cohen" seems to point to a member of the royal family. (See the next note.) Azariah who was "over the officers" was chief, that is, of the "officers" mentioned in 1 Kings 4:8-19, as appears from the identity of the term here used with the title by which they are designated in 1 Kings 4:7.

    Principal officer - Or, "cohen." The fact that the title כהן kôhên was borne by sons of David 2 Samuel 8:18, who could not be "priests" in the ordinary sense of the word, seems to identify the Nathan of this verse with David's son 2 Samuel 5:14 rather than with the prophet.