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1 Thessalonians 4:4

    1 Thessalonians 4:4 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour;

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honor;

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    that each one of you know how to possess himself of his own vessel in sanctification and honor,

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    So that every one of you may keep his body holy and in honour;

    Webster's Revision

    that each one of you know how to possess himself of his own vessel in sanctification and honor,

    World English Bible

    that each one of you know how to possess himself of his own vessel in sanctification and honor,

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    that each one of you know how to possess himself of his own vessel in sanctification and honour,

    Definitions for 1 Thessalonians 4:4

    Sanctification - The act of making a thing pure and holy.

    Clarke's Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4:4

    How to possess his vessel - Let every man use his wife for the purpose alone for which God created her, and instituted marriage. The word σκευοςanswers to the Hebrew כלי keli, which, though it signifies vessel in general, has several other meanings. That the rabbins frequently express wife by it, Schoettgen largely proves; and to me it appears very probable that the apostle uses it in that sense here. St. Peter calls the wife the weaker Vessel, 1 Peter 3:7. Others think that the body is meant, which is the vessel in which the soul dwells. In this sense St. Paul uses it, 2 Corinthians 4:7 : We have this treasure in earthen Vessels; and in this sense it is used by both Greek and Roman authors. There is a third sense which interpreters have put on the word, which I forbear to name. The general sense is plain; purity and continency are most obviously intended, whether the word be understood as referring to the wife or the husband, as the following verse sufficiently proves.

    Barnes' Notes on 1 Thessalonians 4:4

    That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel - The word "vessel" here (σκεῦος skeuos), probably refers to the body. When it is so used, it is either because the body is frail and feeble, like an earthen vessel, easily broken 2 Corinthians 4:7, or because it is that which contains the soul, or in which the soul is lodged. Lucret. Lib. iii. 441. The word vessel also (Greek σκεῦος skeuos) was used by the latter Hebrews to denote a wife, as the vessel of her husband. Schoettg. Hor. Heb. p. 827. Compare Wetstein in loc. Many, as Augustine, Wetstein, Schoettgen, Koppe, Robinson (Lex.), and others, have supposed that this is the reference here; compare 1 Peter 3:7. The word body, however, accords more naturally with the usual signification of the word, and as the apostle was giving directions to the whole church, embracing both sexes, it is hardly probable that he confined his direction to those who had wives. It was the duty of females, and of the unmarried among the males, as well as of married men, to observe this command. The injunction then is, that we should preserve the body pure; see the notes on 1 Corinthians 6:18-20.

    In sanctification and honour - Should not debase or pollute it; that is, that we should honor it as a noble work of God, to be employed for pure purposes; notes, 1 Corinthians 6:19.

    Wesley's Notes on 1 Thessalonians 4:4

    4:4 That every one know - For this requires knowledge, as well as chastity. To possess his vessel - His wife. In sanctification and honour - So as neither to dishonour God or himself, nor to obstruct, but further, holiness; remembering, marriage is not designed to inflame, but to conquer, natural desires.