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2 Samuel 10:4

    2 Samuel 10:4 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Why Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    So Hanun took David's servants, and after cutting off half the hair on their chins, and cutting off the skirts of their robes up to the middle, he sent them away.

    Webster's Revision

    So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

    World English Bible

    So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

    Definitions for 2 Samuel 10:4

    Buttocks - The seat; the posteriors; the rear end.
    Wherefore - Why?; for what reason?; for what cause?

    Clarke's Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:4

    Shaved off the one half of their beards - The beard is held in high respect in the East: the possessor considers it his greatest ornament; often swears by it; and, in matters of great importance, pledges it. Nothing can be more secure than a pledge of this kind; its owner will redeem it at the hazard of his life. The beard was never cut off but in mourning, or as a sign of slavery. Cutting off half of the beard and the clothes rendered the men ridiculous, and made them look like slaves: what was done to these men was an accumulation of insult.

    Barnes' Notes on 2 Samuel 10:4

    In 1 Chronicles 19:4, more concisely "shaved." Cutting off a person's beard is regarded by the Arabs as an indignity equal to flogging and branding among ourselves. The loss of their long garments, so essential to Oriental dignity, was no less insulting than that of their beards.

    Wesley's Notes on 2 Samuel 10:4

    10:4 Shaved - To fasten this is a reproach upon them, and to make them ridiculous and contemptible. Cut off, and c. - This was worse than the former, because the Israelites wore no breeches, and so their nakedness was hereby uncovered.