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2 Timothy 4:16

    2 Timothy 4:16 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    At my first defence no one took my part, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their account.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    At my first meeting with my judges, no one took my part, but all went away from me. May it not be put to their account.

    Webster's Revision

    At my first defence no one took my part, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their account.

    World English Bible

    At my first defense, no one came to help me, but all left me. May it not be held against them.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    At my first defence no one took my part, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their account.

    Definitions for 2 Timothy 4:16

    Forsook - To have left in an abandoned condition.

    Clarke's Commentary on 2 Timothy 4:16

    At my first answer - Εν τῃ τρωτῃ μου απολογιᾳ· At my first apology; this word properly signifies a defense or vindication. To his is the meaning of what we call the apologies of the primitive fathers; they were vindications or defences of Christianity. It is generally allowed that, when St. Paul had been taken this second time by the Romans, he was examined immediately, and required to account for his conduct; and that, so odious was Christianity through the tyranny of Nero, he could procure no person to plead for him. Nero, who had himself set fire to Rome, charged it on the Christians, and they were in consequence persecuted in the most cruel manner; he caused them to be wrapped up in pitched clothes, and then, chaining them to a stake, he ordered them to be set on fire to give light in the streets after night! Tormenti genus! To this Juvenal appears to allude. Sat. i. v. 155.

    Pone Tigellinum, taeda lucebis in illa

    Qua stantes ardent, qui fixo gulture fumant.

    "If into rogues omnipotent you rake,

    Death is your doom, impaled upon a stake;

    Smear'd o'er with wax, and set on blaze to light

    The streets, and make a dreadful fire by night."

    Dryden.

    I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge - How much more simple, elegant, and expressive are the apostle's own words: Μη αυτοις λογισθειη· let it not be placed to their account! Let them not have to reckon for it with the supreme Judge at the great day!

    Barnes' Notes on 2 Timothy 4:16

    At my first answer - Greek, "apology (ἀπολογία apologia), plea, or defense." This evidently refers to some trial which he had had before the Roman emperor. He speaks of a first trial of this kind; but whether it was on some former occasion, and he had been released and permitted again to go abroad, or whether it was a trial which he had already had during his second imprisonment, it is not easy to determine. The former is the most natural supposition; for, if he had had a trial during his present imprisonment, it is difficult to see why he was still held as a prisoner. See this point examined in the introduction, section 1.

    No man stood with me - Paul had many friends in Rome (2 Timothy 4:21; compare Romans 16); but it seems that they did not wish to appear as such when he was put on trial for his life. They were doubtless afraid that they would be identified with him, and would endanger their own lives. It should be said that some of the friends of the apostle, mentioned in Romans 16, and who were there when that Epistle was written, may have died before the apostle arrived there, or, in the trials and persecutions to which they were exposed, may have left the city. Still, it is remarkable that those who were there should have all left him on so trying an occasion. But to forsake a friend in the day of calamity is not uncommon, and Paul experienced what thousands before him and since have done. Thus, Job was forsaken by friends and kindred in the day of his trials; see his pathetic description in Job 19:13-17;

    He hath put my brethren far from me,

    And mine acquaintance verily are estranged from me.

    My kinsfolk have failed,

    And my familiar friends have forgotten me.

    They that dwell in my house, and my maids,

    Count me for a stranger.

    I am an alien in their sight.

    I called my servant, and he gave me no answer; I entreated him with my mouth.

    My breath is strange to my wife.

    Though I entreated for the children's sake of mine own body.

    Thus, the Psalmist was forsaken by his friends in the time of calamity; Psalm 35:12-16; Psalm 38:2; Psalm 41:9; Psalm 55:12. And thus the Saviour was forsaken in his trials; Matthew 26:56; compare, for illustration, Zechariah 13:6. The world is full of instances in which those who have been overtaken by overwhelming calamities, have been forsaken by professed friends, and have been left to suffer alone. This has arisen, partly from the circumstance that many sincere friends are timid, and their courage fails them when their attachment for another would expose them to peril; but more commonly from the circumstance that there is much professed friendship in the world which is false, and that calamity becomes a test of it which it cannot abide. There is professed friendship which is caused by wealth Proverbs 14:20; Proverbs 19:4; there is that which is cherished for those in elevated and fashionable circles; there is that which is formed for beauty of person, or graceful manners, rather than for the solid virtues of the heart; there is that which is created in the sunshine of life - the affection of those "swallow friends; who retire in the winter, and return in the spring." Compare the concluding remarks on the book of Job. Such friendship is always tested by calamity; and when affliction comes, they who in the days of prosperity were surrounded by many flatterers and admirers, are surprised to find how few there were among them who truly loved them.

    "In the wind and tempest of his frown,

    continued...

    Wesley's Notes on 2 Timothy 4:16

    4:16 All - My friends and companions. Forsook me - And do we expect to find such as will not forsake us? My first defence - Before the savage emperor Nero.