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Acts 12:2

    Acts 12:2 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And he put James, the brother of John, to death with the sword.

    Webster's Revision

    And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.

    World English Bible

    He killed James, the brother of John, with the sword.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.

    Clarke's Commentary on Acts 12:2

    He killed James the brother of John with the sword - This was James the greater, son of Zebedee, and must be distinguished from James the less, son of Alpheus. This latter was put to death by Ananias the high priest, during the reign of Nero. This James with his brother John were those who requested to sit on the right and left hand of our Lord, see Matthew 20:23; and our Lord's prediction was now fulfilled in one of them, who by his martyrdom drank of our Lord's cup, and was baptized with his baptism. By the death of James, the number of the apostles was reduced to eleven; and we do not find that ever it was filled up. The apostles never had any successors: God has continued their doctrine, but not their order.

    By killing with the sword we are to understand beheading. Among the Jews there were four kinds of deaths:

    1Stoning;

    2burning;

    3. killing with the sword, or beheading; and,

    4. strangling.

    The third was a Roman as well as a Jewish mode of punishment. Killing with the sword was the punishment which, according to the Talmud, was inflicted on those who drew away the people to any strange worship, Sanhedr. fol. iii. James was probably accused of this, and hence the punishment mentioned in the text.

    Barnes' Notes on Acts 12:2

    And he killed ... - He caused to be put to death with a sword, either by beheading, or piercing him through. The Roman procurators were entrusted with authority over life, though in the time of Pilate the Jews had not this authority.

    James, the brother of John - This was the son of Zebedee, Matthew 4:21. He is commonly called James the Greater, in contradistinction from James, the son of Alpheus, who is called James the Less, Matthew 10:3. In this manner were the predictions of our Saviour respecting him fulfilled, Matthew 20:23, "Ye shall indeed drink of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with."

    Wesley's Notes on Acts 12:2

    12:2 James the brother of John - So one of the brothers went to God the first, the other the last of the apostles.