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Ecclesiastes 1:1

    Ecclesiastes 1:1 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

    Webster's Revision

    The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

    World English Bible

    The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem:

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

    Clarke's Commentary on Ecclesiastes 1:1

    The words of the Preacher - Literally, "The words of Choheleth, son of David, king of Jerusalem." But the Targum explains it thus: "The words of the prophecy, which Choheleth prophesied; the same is Solomon, son of David the king, who was in Jerusalem. For when Solomon, king of Israel, saw by the spirit of prophecy that the kingdom of Rehoboam his son was about to be divided with Jeroboam, the son of Nebat; and the house of the sanctuary was about to be destroyed, and the people of Israel sent into captivity; he said in his word - Vanity of vanities is all that I have labored, and David my father; they are altogether vanity." The word קהלת Koheleth is a feminine noun, from the root קהל kahal, to collect, gather together, assemble; and means, she who assembles or collects a congregation; translated by the Septuagint, ekklhsiasthv, a public speaker, a speaker in an assembly; and hence translated by us a preacher. In my old MS. Bible it is explained thus: a talker to the peple; or togyder cleping.

    Barnes' Notes on Ecclesiastes 1:1

    Preacher - literally, Convener. No one English word represents the Hebrew קהלת qôheleth adequately. Though capable, according to Hebrew usage, of being applied to men in office, it is strictly a feminine participle, and describes a person in the act of calling together an assembly of people as if with the intention of addressing them. The word thus understood refers us to the action of Wisdom personified Proverbs 1:20; Proverbs 8:8. In Proverbs and here, Solomon seems to support two characters, speaking sometimes in the third person as Wisdom instructing the assembled people, at other times in the first person. So our Lord speaks of Himself (compare Luke 11:49 with Matthew 23:34) as Wisdom, and as desiring Luke 13:34 to gather the people together for instruction; It is unfortunate that the word "Preacher" does not bring this personification before English minds, but a different idea.