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Ephesians 2:13

    Ephesians 2:13 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    But now in Christ Jesus you who sometimes were far off are made near by the blood of Christ.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    But now in Christ Jesus ye that once were far off are made nigh in the blood of Christ.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    But now in Christ Jesus you who at one time were far off are made near in the blood of Christ.

    Webster's Revision

    But now in Christ Jesus ye that once were far off are made nigh in the blood of Christ.

    World English Bible

    But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off are made near in the blood of Christ.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    But now in Christ Jesus ye that once were far off are made nigh in the blood of Christ.

    Definitions for Ephesians 2:13

    Nigh - Near.

    Clarke's Commentary on Ephesians 2:13

    Ye who sometimes were far off - To be far off, and to be near, are sayings much in use among the Jews; and among them, to be near signifies,

    1. To be in the approbation or favor of God; and to be far off signifies to be under his displeasure. So a wicked Jew might be said to be far off from God when he was exposed to his displeasure; and a holy man, or a genuine penitent, might be said to be nigh to God, because such persons are in his favor.

    2. Every person who offered a sacrifice to God was considered as having access to him by the blood of that sacrifice: hence the priests, whose office it was to offer sacrifices, were considered as being nigh to God; and all who brought gifts to the altar were considered as approaching the Almighty.

    3. Being far off, signified the state of the Gentiles as contradistinguished from the Jews, who were nigh. And these expressions were used in reference to the tabernacle, God's dwelling-place among the Israelites, and the sacrifices there offered. All those who had access to this tabernacle, or were nigh to it or encamped about it, were said to be nigh to God; those who had no access to it were said to be far off.

    Hence the latter phrase is used to distinguish the Gentiles from the Jewish people; and this appears to be the meaning of the prophet, Isaiah 57:19 : I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to him that is far off, and to him that is near, saith the Lord; i.e. I give cause of praise and rejoicing to the Gentile as well as to the Jew. And to this scripture, and to this thing, the apostle seems here to allude. You Gentiles, who were unacquainted with God, and were even without God in the world, are brought to an acquaintance with him; and are now, through Christ Jesus, brought into the favor and fellowship of God. And as the Jews of old approached God by the blood of their sacrifices, so you approach him by the blood of Christ.

    Barnes' Notes on Ephesians 2:13

    But now, in Christ Jesus - By the coming and atonement of the Lord Jesus, and by the gospel which he preached.

    Ye who sometimes were afar off - Who were "formerly" - ποτὲ pote Tyndale translates it, "a whyle agoo." The phrase "afar off" - μακρὰν makran - means that they were formerly far off from God and his people. The expression is derived from the custom of speaking among the Hebrews. God was supposed to reside in the temple. It was a privilege to be near the temple. Those who were remote from Jerusalem and the temple were regarded as far off from God, and hence as especially irreligious and wicked; see the notes at Isaiah 57:19.

    Are made nigh - Are admitted to the favor of God, and permitted to approach him as his worshippers.

    By the blood of Christ - The Jews came near to the mercy seat on which the symbol of the divine presence rested (the notes at Romans 3:25), by the blood that was offered in sacrifice; that is, the high priest approached that mercy-seat with blood and sprinkled it before God. Now we are permitted to approach him with the blood of the atonement. The shedding of that blood has prepared the way by which Gentiles as well as Jews may approach God, and it is by that offering that we are led to seek God.

    Wesley's Notes on Ephesians 2:13

    2:13 Far off - From God and his people. Nigh - Intimately united to both.