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Exodus 14:7

    Exodus 14:7 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And he took six hundred carriages, all the carriages of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

    Webster's Revision

    and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

    World English Bible

    and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

    Clarke's Commentary on Exodus 14:7

    Six hundred chosen chariots, etc. - According to the most authentic accounts we have of war-chariots, they were frequently drawn by two or by four horses, and carried three persons: one was charioteer, whose business it was to guide the horses, but he seldom fought; the second chiefly defended the charioteer; and the third alone was properly the combatant. It appears that in this case Pharaoh had collected all the cavalry of Egypt; (see Exodus 14:17); and though these might not have been very numerous, yet, humanly speaking, they might easily overcome the unarmed and encumbered Israelites, who could not be supposed to be able to make any resistance against cavalry and war-chariots.

    Barnes' Notes on Exodus 14:7

    Six hundred chosen chariots - The Egyptian army comprised large numbers of chariots, each drawn by two horses, with two men, one bearing the shield and driving, the other fully armed. The horses were thoroughbred, renowned for strength and spirit. Chariots are first represented on the monuments of the 18th dynasty. By "all the chariots of Egypt" we are to understand all that were stationed in Lower Egypt, most of them probably at Rameses and other frontier garrisons near the headquarters of Pharaoh.

    Captains - The word שׁלישׁ shâlı̂ysh, literally "third or thirtieth," may represent an Egyptian title. The king had about him a council of thirty, each of whom bore a title, Mapu, a "thirty man." The word occurs frequently in the Books of Kings. David seems to have organized the Shalishim as a distinct corps (see 2 Samuel 23:8 Hebrew), retaining the old name, and adopting the Egyptian system.

    Wesley's Notes on Exodus 14:7

    14:7 Captains over every one of them - Or rather over all of them; distributing the command of them to his several Captains.