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Exodus 21:24

    Exodus 21:24 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

    Webster's Revision

    eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

    World English Bible

    eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

    Clarke's Commentary on Exodus 21:24

    Eye for eye - This is the earliest account we have of the lex talionis, or law of like for like, which afterwards prevailed among the Greeks and Romans. Among the latter, it constituted a part of the twelve tables, so famous in antiquity; but the punishment was afterwards changed to a pecuniary fine, to be levied at the discretion of the praetor. It prevails less or more in most civilized countries, and is fully acted upon in the canon law, in reference to all calumniators: Calumniator, si in accusatione defecerit, talionem recipiat. "If the calumniator fall in the proof of his accusation, let him suffer the same punishment which he wished to have inflicted upon the man whom he falsely accused." Nothing, however, of this kind was left to private revenge; the magistrate awarded the punishment when the fact was proved, otherwise the lex talionis would have utterly destroyed the peace of society, and have sown the seeds of hatred, revenge, and all uncharitableness.

    Wesley's Notes on Exodus 21:24

    21:24 Eye for eye - The execution of this law is not put into the hands of private persons, as if every man might avenge himself, which would introduce universal confusion. The tradition of the elders seems to have put this corrupt gloss upon it. But magistrates had an eye to this rule in punishing offenders, and doing right to those that are injured.