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Exodus 23:14

    Exodus 23:14 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Three times you shall keep a feast to me in the year.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Three times in the year you are to keep a feast to me.

    Webster's Revision

    Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.

    World English Bible

    "You shall observe a feast to me three times a year.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.

    Clarke's Commentary on Exodus 23:14

    Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year - The three feasts here referred to were,

    1. The feast of the Passover;

    2. The feast of Pentecost;

    3. The feast of Tabernacles.

    1. The feast of the Passover was celebrated to keep in remembrance the wonderful deliverance of the Hebrews from Egypt.

    2. The feast of Pentecost, called also the feast of harvest and the feast of weeks, Exodus 34:22, was celebrated fifty days after the Passover to commemorate the giving of the law on Mount Sinai, which took place fifty days after, and hence called by the Greeks Pentecost.

    3. The feast of Tabernacles, called also the feast of the ingathering, was celebrated about the 15th of the month Tisri to commemorate the Israelites' dwelling in tents for forty years, during their stay in the wilderness. See on Leviticus 23 (note).

    "God, out of his great wisdom," says Calmet, "appointed several festivals among the Jews for many reasons:

    1. To perpetuate the memory of those great events, and the wonders he had wrought for the people; for example, the Sabbath brought to remembrance the creation of the world; the Passover, the departure out of Egypt; the Pentecost, the giving of the law; the feast of Tabernacles, the sojourning of their fathers in the wilderness, etc.

    2. To keep them faithful to their religion by appropriate ceremonies, and the splendor of Divine service.

    3. To procure them lawful pleasures, and necessary rest.

    4. To give them instruction; for in their religious assemblies the law of God was always read and explained.

    5. To consolidate their social union, by renewing the acquaintance of their tribes and families; for on these occasions they come together from different parts of the land to the holy city."

    Besides the feasts mentioned above, the Jews had,


    Barnes' Notes on Exodus 23:14

    This is the first mention of the three great Yearly Festivals. The feast of Unleavened bread, in its connection with the Paschal Lamb, is spoken of in Exodus 12; Exodus 13:but the two others are here first named. The whole three are spoken of as if they were familiarly known to the people. The points that are especially enjoined are that every male Israelite should attend them at the sanctuary (compare Exodus 34:23), and that he should take with him an offering for Yahweh, presenting himself before his King with his tribute in his hand. That this condition belonged to all the feasts, though it is here stated only in regard to the Passover, cannot be doubted. See Deuteronomy 16:16.

    Wesley's Notes on Exodus 23:14

    23:14 The Passover, Pentecost, and feast of Tabernacles, in spring, summer, and autumn, were the three times appointed for their attendance; not in winter, because travelling was then uncomfortable; nor in the midst of their harvest.

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