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Exodus 25:3

    Exodus 25:3 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass,

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And this is the offering which you shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass,

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And this is the offering which ye shall take of them: gold, and silver, and brass,

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And this is the offering you are to take from them: gold and silver and brass;

    Webster's Revision

    And this is the offering which ye shall take of them: gold, and silver, and brass,

    World English Bible

    This is the offering which you shall take from them: gold, silver, brass,

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass;

    Clarke's Commentary on Exodus 25:3

    This is the offering - There were three kinds of metals:

    1. Gold, זהב zahab, which may properly signify wrought gold; what was bright and resplendent, as the word implies. In Job 28:15, Job 28:16, Job 28:17, Job 28:19, gold is mentioned five times, and four of the words are different in the original.

    1. סגור Segor, from סגר sagar, to shut up; gold in the mine, or shut up in its ore.

    2. כתם Kethem, from כתם catham, to sign, seal, or stamp; gold made current by being coined; standard or sterling gold, exhibiting the stamp expressive of its value.

    3. זהב Zahab, wrought gold, pure, highly polished gold; probably what was used for overlaying or gilding.

    4. פז Paz, denoting solidity, compactness, and strength; probably gold formed into different kinds of plate, as it is joined in Exodus 25:17 of the above chapter with כלי keley, vessels. The zahab, or pure gold, is here mentioned, because it was in a state that rendered it capable of being variously manufactured for the service of the sanctuary.

    2. Silver, כסף keseph, from casaph, to be pale, wan, or white; so called from its well-known color.

    3. Brass, נחשת nechosheth, copper; unless we suppose that the factitious metal commonly called brass is intended: this is formed by a combination of the oxide or ore of zinc, called lapis calaminaris, with copper. Brass seems to have been very anciently in use, as we find it mentioned Genesis 4:22; and the preparation of copper, to transform it into this factitious metal, seems to be very pointedly referred to Job 28:2 : Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone; אבן יצוק נחושה eben yatsuk nechushah, translated by the Vulgate, Lapis, solutus calore, in aes vertitur, "The stone, liquefied by heat, is turned into brass." Is it going too far to say that the stone here may refer to the lapis calaminaris, which was used to turn the copper into brass? Because brass was capable of so fine a polish as to become exceedingly bright, and keep its lustre a considerable time, hence it was used for all weapons of war and defensive armor among ancient nations; and copper seems to have been in no repute, but for its use in making brass.

    Barnes' Notes on Exodus 25:3

    Gold, and silver, and brass - The supply of these metals possessed by the Israelites at this time probably included what they had inherited from their forefathers, what they had obtained from the Egyptians Exodus 12:35, and what may have been found amongst the spoils of the Amalekites Exodus 17:8-13. But with their abundant flocks and herds, it can hardly be doubted that they had carried on important traffic with the trading caravans that traversed the wilderness, some of which, most likely, in the earliest times were furnished with silver, with the gold of Ophir (or gold of Sheba, as it seems to have been indifferently called), and with the "brass" (the alloy of copper and tin, called bronze) of Phoenicia and Egypt. Compare Exodus 38:24 note.