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Exodus 25:4

    Exodus 25:4 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats hair ,

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And blue and purple and red, and the best linen, and goats' hair;

    Webster's Revision

    and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats hair ,

    World English Bible

    blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats' hair,

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair;

    Clarke's Commentary on Exodus 25:4

    Blue - תכלת techeleth, generally supposed to mean an azure or sky color; rendered by the Septuagint ὑακινθον, and by the Vulgate hyacinthum, a sky-blue or deep violet.

    Purple - ארגמן argaman, a very precious color, extracted from the purpura or murex, a species of shell-fish, from which it is supposed the famous Tyrian purple came, so costly, and so much celebrated in antiquity. See this largely described, and the manner of dyeing it, in Pliny, Hist. Nat., lib. ix., c. 60-65, edit. Bipont.

    Scarlet - תולעת tolaath, signifies a worm, of which this colouring matter was made; and, joined with שני shani, which signifies to repeat or double, implies that to strike this color the wool or cloth was twice dipped: hence the Vulgate renders the original coccum bis tinctum, "scarlet twice dyed;" and to this Horace refers, Odar., lib. ii., od. 16, v. 35:

    - Te Bis Afro Murice

    Tinctae Vestiunt Lanae -

    "Thy robes the twice dyed purple stains."

    It is the same color which the Arabs call al kermez, whence the French cramoisi, and the English crimson. On this subject much may be seen in Bochart, Calmet, and Scheuchzer.

    Fine linen - שש shesh; whether this means linen, cotton, or silk, is not agreed on among interpreters. Because שש shesh signifies six, the rabbins suppose that it always signifies the fine linen of Egypt, in which six folds constituted one thread; and that when a single fold was meant, בד bad is the term used. See Clarke's note on Genesis 41:42.

    Goats' hair - עזים izzim, goats, but used here elliptically for goats' hair. In different parts of Asia Minor, Syria, Cilicia, and Phrygia, the goats have long, fine, and beautiful hair, in some cases almost as fine as silk, which they shear at proper times, and manufacture into garments. From Virgil, Georg. iii., v. 305-311, we learn that goats' hair manufactured into cloth was nearly of equal value with that formed from wool.

    Hae quoque non cura nobis leviore tuendae

    Nec minor usus erit: quamvis Milesia magno

    Vellera mutentur, Tyrios incocta rubores.

    Nec minus interea barbas incanaque menta

    Cinyphii tondent hirci, setasque comantes,

    continued...

    Barnes' Notes on Exodus 25:4

    Blue, and purple, and scarlet - i. e. the material dyed with these colors. The Jewish tradition has been very generally received that this material was wool. Compare Hebrews 9:19 with Leviticus 14:4, Leviticus 14:49, etc. When spun and dyed by the women, it was delivered in the state of yarn; and the weaving and embroidering was left to Aholiab and his assistants, Exodus 35:25, Exodus 35:35. The "blue" and "purple" dye are usually thought to have been obtained from shell-fish, the "scarlet" from the cochineal insect of the holm-oak.

    Fine linen - The fine flax or the manufactured linen, for which Egypt was famous Ezekiel 27:7, and which the Egyptians were in the habit of using for dresses of state Genesis 41:42. It was used as the groundwork of the figured curtains of the tabernacle as well as of the embroidered hangings of the tent and the court. See Exodus 35:35.

    Wesley's Notes on Exodus 25:4

    25:4 Blue, and purple, and scarlet - Materials of those colours.