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Exodus 30:23

    Exodus 30:23 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Take you also to you principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Take thou also unto thee the chief spices: of flowing myrrh five hundred'shekels , and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty,

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Take the best spices, five hundred shekels' weight of liquid myrrh, and of sweet cinnamon half as much, that is, two hundred and fifty shekels, and two hundred and fifty shekels of sweet calamus,

    Webster's Revision

    Take thou also unto thee the chief spices: of flowing myrrh five hundred'shekels , and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty,

    World English Bible

    "Also take fine spices: of liquid myrrh, five hundred shekels; and of fragrant cinnamon half as much, even two hundred and fifty; and of fragrant cane, two hundred and fifty;

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Take thou also unto thee the chief spices, of flowing myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty,

    Clarke's Commentary on Exodus 30:23

    Take - unto thee principal spices - From this and the following verse we learn that the holy anointing oil was compounded of the following ingredients: -

    Pure myrrh, מר דרור mar deror, 500 shekels

    Sweet cinnamon, קנמן בשם kinnemon besem, 250 shekels. (probably from Arabia)

    Sweet calamus, קנה בשם keneh bosem, or sweet 250 shekels. cane, Jeremiah 6:20 - Calamus aromaticus.

    Cassia, קדה kiddah, (cassia lignea), brought 500 shekels. Also from Arabia.

    Olive oil, שמן זית shemen sayith, one hin, about 5 quarts.

    Myrrh is the produce of an oriental tree not well known, and is collected by making an incision in the tree. What is now called by this name is precisely the same with that of the ancients.

    500 shekels of the first and last, make 48 lbs. 4 oz. 12 dwts. 21 21/31 grs.

    250 of the cinnamon and calamus. 24 lbs. 2 oz. 6 dwts.10 26/31 grs.

    Olive oil is supposed to be the best preservative of odours.

    As the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit are termed the anointing of the Holy Ghost, therefore this holy ointment appears to have been designed as emblematical of those gifts and graces. See Acts 1:5; Acts 10:38; 2 Corinthians 1:21; 1 John 2:20, 1 John 2:27.

    Barnes' Notes on Exodus 30:23

    Principal spices - i. e. the best spices.

    Pure myrrh - Is a gum which comes from the stem of a low, thorny, ragged tree, that grows in Arabia Felix and Eastern Africa, called by botanists Balsamodendron myrrha. The word here rendered pure, is literally, "freely flowing", an epithet which is explained by the fact that the best myrrh is said to exude spontaneously from the bark, while that of inferior quality oozes out in greater quantity from incisions made in the bark.

    Five hundred shekels - Probably rather more than 15 1/4 lbs. See Exodus 38:24.

    Cinnamon - is obtained from a tree allied to the laurel that grows in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and other islands of the Indian Ocean, known in Botany as the Cinnamomum zeylanicum. It is the inner rind of the tree dried in the sun. It was imported from India in very early times by the people of Ophir, and brought with other spices from the south part of Arabia by the trading caravans that visited Egypt and Syria. The mention of these spices in Exodus may be taken as the earliest notice we have connected with commerce with the remote East.

    Two hundred and fifty shekels - about 7 lbs. 14 oz.

    Sweet calamus - The fragrant cane (or rush) was probably what is now known in India as the Lemon Grass.