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Ezekiel 4:12

    Ezekiel 4:12 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of man, in their sight.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And you shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it with dung that comes out of man, in their sight.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And let your food be barley cakes, cooking it before their eyes with the waste which comes out of a man.

    Webster's Revision

    And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

    World English Bible

    You shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it in their sight with dung that comes out of man.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

    Clarke's Commentary on Ezekiel 4:12

    Thou shalt bake it with dung - Dried ox and cow dung is a common fuel in the east; and with this, for want of wood and coals, they are obliged to prepare their food. Indeed, dried excrement of every kind is gathered. Here, the prophet is to prepare his bread with dry human excrement. And when we know that this did not come in contact with the bread, and was only used to warm the plate, (see Ezekiel 4:3), on which the bread was laid over the fire, it removes all the horror and much of the disgust. This was required to show the extreme degree of wretchedness to which they should be exposed; for, not being able to leave the city to collect the dried excrements of beasts, the inhabitants during the siege would be obliged, literally, to use dried human ordure for fuel. The very circumstances show that this was the plain fact of the case. However, we find that the prophet was relieved from using this kind of fuel, for cow's dung was substituted at his request. See Ezekiel 4:15.

    Barnes' Notes on Ezekiel 4:12

    In eastern countries where fuel is scarce the want is supplied by dried cow-dung laid up for the winter. Barley cakes were (and are) baked under hot ashes without an oven. The dung here is to be burned to ashes, and the ashes so employed.

    Wesley's Notes on Ezekiel 4:12

    4:12 As barley cakes - Because they never had enough to make a loaf with, they eat them as barley cakes. With dung - There was no wood left, nor yet dung of other creatures. This also was represented in a vision.