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Galatians 5:19

    Galatians 5:19 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these : fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Now the works of the flesh are clear, which are these: evil desire, unclean things, wrong use of the senses,

    Webster's Revision

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these : fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

    World English Bible

    Now the works of the flesh are obvious, which are: adultery, sexual immorality, uncleanness, lustfulness,

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

    Definitions for Galatians 5:19

    Fornication - Sexual immorality.
    Lasciviousness - Unbridled sensuality; excess.
    Manifest - To make openly known; appear.

    Clarke's Commentary on Galatians 5:19

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest - By flesh we are to understand the evil and fallen state of the soul, no longer under the guidance of God's Spirit and right reason, but under the animal passions; and they are even rendered more irregular and turbulent by the influence of sin; so that man is in a worse state than the brute: and so all-commanding is this evil nature that it leads men into all kinds of crimes; and among them the following, which are manifest - known to all, and most prevalent; and, though these are most solemnly forbidden by your law, the observance of its ordinances gives no power to overcome them, and provides no pardon for the guilt and condemnation produced by them.

    Adultery - Μοιχεια· Illicit connection with a married person. This word is wanting in this place in the best MSS., versions, and fathers; the next term often comprehending both.

    Fornication - Πορνεια· Illicit connection between single or unmarried persons; yet often signifying adultery also.

    Uncleanness - Ακαθαπσια· Whatever is opposite to purity; probably meaning here, as in Romans 1:24; 2 Corinthians 12:21, unnatural practices; sodomy, bestiality.

    Lasciviousness - Ασελγεια· Whatever is contrary to chastity; all lewdness.

    Barnes' Notes on Galatians 5:19

    Now the works of the flesh - What the flesh, or what corrupt and unrenewed human nature produces.

    Are manifest - Plain, well-known. The world is full of illustrations of what corrupt human nature produces, and as to the existence and nature of those works, no one can be ignorant. It is evident here that the word σὰρξ sarx, "flesh," is used to denote corrupt human nature, and not merely the body; since many of the vices here enumerated are the passions of the mind or the soul, rather than of the body. Such are "wrath," "strife," "heresies," "envyings," etc., which cannot be said to have their seat in the body. If the word, therefore, is used to denote human nature, the passage furnishes a sad commentary on its tendency, and on the character of man. It is closely parallel to the declaration of the Saviour in Matthew 15:19. Of the nature of most of these sins, or works of the flesh, it is unnecessary to offer any comment. They are not so rare as not to be well known, and the meaning of the words requires little exposition. In regard to the existence of these vices as the result of human nature, the notes at Romans 1 may be examined; or a single glance at the history of the past, or at the present condition of the pagan and a large part of the Christian world, would furnish an ample and a painful demonstration.

    Wesley's Notes on Galatians 5:19

    5:19 Now the works of the flesh - By which that inward principle is discovered. Are manifest - Plain and undeniable. Works are mentioned in the plural because they are distinct from, and often inconsistent with, each other. But the fruit of the Spirit is mentioned in the singular, Ga 5:22, as being all consistent and connected together. Which are these - He enumerates those works of the flesh to which the Galatians were most inclined; and those parts of the fruit of the Spirit of which they stood in the greatest need. Lasciviousness - The Greek word means anything inward or outward that is contrary to chastity, and yet short of actual uncleanness.