Search the Bible
* powered by Bible Study Tools

Genesis 10:21

    Genesis 10:21 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And Shem, the older brother of Japheth, the father of the children of Eber, had other sons in addition.

    Webster's Revision

    And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

    World English Bible

    To Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

    Definitions for Genesis 10:21

    Elder - Older; greater in age.

    Clarke's Commentary on Genesis 10:21

    Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber - It is generally supposed that the Hebrews derived their name from Eber or Heber, son of Shem; but it appears much more likely that they had it from the circumstance of Abraham passing over (for so the word עבר abar signifies) the river Euphrates to come into the land of Canaan. See the history of Abraham, Genesis 14:13 (note).

    Barnes' Notes on Genesis 10:21

    - XXXIII. Shem

    21. אבר 'eber, "'Eber, yonder side; verb: pass, cross."

    22. עילם 'eylām, "'Elam." עוּל ‛ûl, "suckle." עלם ‛ālam, "hide; be mature." ארפכשׁד 'arpakshad, "Arpakshad." כשׂד ארף 'arp keśed, "boundary of Kesed, or (von-Bohlen) Arjapakshata, beside Aria." ארם 'ǎrām, "Aram, high; verb: be high."

    23. עוּץ ‛ûts, "'Uts; verb: counsel; be firm, solid." חוּל chûl, "Chul; verb: rub, twist, writhe, be strong, await." גתר geter, "Gether, bridge?" משׁ meshek, "Mash; related: feel, touch."

    24. שׁלח shelach, "Shelach, missile, shoot."

    25. פלג peleg, "Peleg; noun: brook, canal; verb: divide." יקטן yāqṭān, "Joctan, small."

    26. אלמודד 'almôdād, "Almodad." למד lāmad, "learn." מדד mādad, "measure." שׁלף shelep, "Sheleph; verb: draw out or off." חערמות chatsarmāvet, "Chatsarmaveth, court of death." ירח yerach, "Jerach, moon, month."

    27. הדורם hadôrām, Hadoram, "majesty, beauty;" verb: "swell, honor." אוּזל 'ûzāl, Uzal; verb: "go out or away." דקלה dı̂qlâh Diclah, "palm."

    28. עובל ‛ôbāl, 'Obal, "bare, bald." אבימאל 'ǎbı̂ymā'ēl, Abimael, "father of Mael" (circumcision).

    29. אופיר 'ôpı̂r, Ophir; verb: "break, veil." יובב yôbāb, Jobab; verb: "cry, call."

    30. משׁא mēshā', Mesha, שׁאה shā'âh equals שׁוא shô', "roar, crash." ספר sepār Sephar, "counting. writing."

    From Japheth, who penetrated into the remotest regions, the writer proceeds to Ham, who came into close contact with Shem. From Ham, he passes to Shem, in whom the line of history is to be continued.

    Genesis 10:21

    Shem is here distinguished by two characteristics - the former referring to a subsequent, the latter to an antecedent event. He is "the father of all the sons of Heber." It is evident from this that the sons of Heber cast luster on the family of Shem, and therefore on the whole human race. It is unnecessary to anticipate the narrative, except so far as to note that the sons of Heber include most of the Arabians, a portion of those who mingled with the race and inhabited the land of Aram, and, most probably, the original element of the population in the land of Kenaan. This characteristic of Shem shows that the table in which it is found was composed after the Hebrews had become conspicuous among the descendants of Shem.

    continued...