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Genesis 10:3

    Genesis 10:3 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah.

    Webster's Revision

    And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

    World English Bible

    The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

    Clarke's Commentary on Genesis 10:3

    Ashkenaz - Probably gave his name to Sacagena, a very excellent province of Armenia. Pliny mentions a people called Ascanitici, who dwelt about the Tanais and the Palus Maeotis; and some suppose that from Ashkenaz the Euxine Sea derived its name, but others suppose that from him the Germans derived their origin.

    Riphath - Or Diphath, the founder of the Paphlagonians, which were anciently called Riphataei.

    Togarmah - The Sauromates, or inhabitants of Turcomania. See the reasons in Calmet.

    Barnes' Notes on Genesis 10:3

    Gomer has three sons, who are the founders of as many nations.

    (8) Ashkenaz is supposed to have lain south of the Euxine, and to be traceable in its original name ἄξενος axenos, and in the Ascanius and Ascania of Bithynia, perhaps in Scandinavia. Part of the nation may have migrated to Germany, which is called Ashkenaz by the Jews, and where the word Sachsen (Saxon) occurs. It perhaps contains the root of the name Asia.

    (9) Riphath seems to have travelled north, and left his name in the Rhipaean mountains. Josephus, however, places him in Paphlagonia, where the name Tobata occurs (Diphath) 1 Chronicles 1:6.

    (10) Togarmah is said to have been settled in Armenia. By a tradition in Moses Chorenensis, Haik, the ancestor of the Armenians, is the son of Thorgom, the son of Gomer. At all events, the Black Sea might convey colonies from Gomer to Asia Minor and Armenia.