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Genesis 2:15

    Genesis 2:15 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And Jehovah God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And the Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to do work in it and take care of it.

    Webster's Revision

    And Jehovah God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

    World English Bible

    Yahweh God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

    Clarke's Commentary on Genesis 2:15

    Put him into the garden - to dress it, and to keep it - Horticulture, or gardening, is the first kind of employment on record, and that in which man was engaged while in a state of perfection and innocence. Though the garden may be supposed to produce all things spontaneously, as the whole vegetable surface of the earth certainly did at the creation, yet dressing and tilling were afterwards necessary to maintain the different kinds of plants and vegetables in their perfection, and to repress luxuriance. Even in a state of innocence we cannot conceive it possible that man could have been happy if inactive. God gave him work to do, and his employment contributed to his happiness; for the structure of his body, as well as of his mind, plainly proves that he was never intended for a merely contemplative life.

    Barnes' Notes on Genesis 2:15

    - XII. The Command

    15. נוּח nûach "rest, dwell." עבד ‛ābad "work, till, serve." שׁמר shāmar "keep, guard."

    We have here the education of man summed up in a single sentence. Let us endeavor to unfold the great lessons that are here taught.

    Genesis 2:15

    The Lord God took the man. - The same omnipotent hand that made him still held him. "And put him into the garden." The original word is "caused him to rest," or dwell in the garden as an abode of peace and recreation. "To dress it and to keep it." The plants of nature, left to their own course, may degenerate and become wild through the poverty of the soil on which they alight, or the gradual exhaustion of a once rich soil. The hand of rational man, therefore, has its appropriate sphere in preparing and enriching the soil, and in distributing the seeds and training the shoots in the way most favorable for the full development of the plant, and especially of its seed or fruits. This "dressing" was needed even in the garden. The "keeping" of it may refer to the guarding of it by enclosure from the depredations of the cattle, the wild beasts, or even the smaller animals. It includes also the faithful preservation of it as a trust committed to man by his bounteous Maker. There was now a man to till the soil. The second need of the world of plants was now supplied. Gardening was the first occupation of primeval man.