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Genesis 28:19

    Genesis 28:19 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And he called the name of that place Beth-el. But the name of the city was Luz at the first.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And he gave that place the name of Beth-el, but before that time the town was named Luz.

    Webster's Revision

    And he called the name of that place Beth-el. But the name of the city was Luz at the first.

    World English Bible

    He called the name of that place Bethel, but the name of the city was Luz at the first.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And he called the name of that place Beth-el: but the name of the city was Luz at the first.

    Clarke's Commentary on Genesis 28:19

    He called the name of that place Beth-el - That is, the house of God; for in consequence of his having anointed the stone, and thus consecrated it to God, he considered it as becoming henceforth his peculiar residence; see on the preceding verse. This word should be always pronounced as two distinct syllables, each strongly accented, Beth-El.

    Was called Luz at the first - The Hebrew has אולם לוז Ulam Luz, which the Roman edition of the Septuagint translates Ουλαμλουζ Oulamlouz; the Alexandrian MS., Ουλαμμους Oulammaus; the Aldine, Ουλαμμαους Oulammaous; Symmachus, Λαμμαους Lammaous; and some others, Ουλαμ Oulam. The Hebrew אולם ulam is sometimes a particle signifying as, just as; hence it may signify that the place was called Beth-El, as it was formerly called Luz. As Luz signifies an almond, almond or hazel tree, this place probably had its name from a number of such trees growing in that region. Many of the ancients confounded this city with Jerusalem, to which they attribute the eight following names, which are all expressed in this verse: -

    Solyma, Luza, Bethel, Hierosolyma, Jebus, Aelia,

    Urbs sacra, Hierusalem dicitur atque Salem.

    Solyma, Luz, Beth-El, Hierosolyma, Jebus, Aelia,

    The holy city is call'd, as also Jerusalem and Salem.

    From Beth-El came the Baetylia, Bethyllia, Βαιτυλια, or animated stones, so celebrated in antiquity, and to which Divine honors were paid. The tradition of Jacob anointing this stone, and calling the place Beth-El, gave rise to all the superstitious accounts of the Baetylia or consecrated stones, which we find in Sanchoniathon and others. These became abused to idolatrous purposes, and hence God strongly prohibits them, Leviticus 26:1; and it is very likely that stones of this kind were the most ancient objects of idolatrous worship; these were afterwards formed into beautiful human figures, male and female, when the art of sculpture became tolerably perfected, and hence the origin of idolatry as far as it refers to the worshipping of images, for these, being consecrated by anointing, etc., were supposed immediately to become instinct with the power and energy of some divinity. Hence, then, the Baetylia or living stones of the ancient Phoenicians, etc. As oil is an emblem of the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit, so those who receive this anointing are considered as being alive unto God, and are expressly called by St. Peter living stones, 1 Peter 2:4, 1 Peter 2:5. May not the apostle have reference to those living stones or Baetyllia of antiquity, and thus correct the notion by showing that these rather represented the true worshippers of God, who were consecrated to his service and made partakers of the Holy Ghost, and that these alone could be properly called the living stone, out of which the true spiritual temple is composed?

    Wesley's Notes on Genesis 28:19

    28:19 It had been called Luz, an almond - tree, but he will have it henceforth called Beth - el, the house of God. This gracious appearance of God to him made it more remarkable than all the almond - trees that flourished there.