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Genesis 31:48

    Genesis 31:48 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and you this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And Laban said, This heap is witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed:

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And Laban said, These stones are a witness between you and me today. For this reason its name was Galeed,

    Webster's Revision

    And Laban said, This heap is witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed:

    World English Bible

    Laban said, "This heap is witness between me and you this day." Therefore it was named Galeed

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And Laban said, This heap is witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed:

    Clarke's Commentary on Genesis 31:48

    I think these two verses are badly divided, and should be read thus:

    Genesis 31:48 - And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day.

    Genesis 31:49 - Therefore was the name of it called Galeed and Mizpah; for he said, The Lord watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another.

    Mizpah - מעפה mitspah signifies a watch-tower; and Laban supposes that in consequence of the consecration of the place, and the covenant now solemnly made and ratified, that God would take possession of this heap, and stand on it as on a watch-tower, to prevent either of them from trenching on the conditions of their covenant.

    Barnes' Notes on Genesis 31:48

    The covenant is then completed. And Mizpah. This refers to some prominent cliff from which, as a watch-tower, an extensive view might be obtained. It was in the northern half of Gilead Deuteronomy 3:12-13, and is noticed in Judges 11:29. It is not to be confounded with other places called by the same name. The reference of this name to the present occurrence is explained in these two verses. The names Gilead and Mizpah may have arisen from this transaction, or received a new turn in consequence of its occurrence. The terms of the covenant are now formally stated. I have cast. The erection of the pillar was a joint act of the two parties; in which Laban proposes, Jacob performs, and all take part. "The God of Abraham, Nahor, and Terah." This is an interesting acknowledgment that their common ancestor Terah and his descendants down to Laban still acknowledged the true God even in their idolatry. Jacob swears by the fear of isaac, perhaps to rid himself of any error that had crept into Laban's notions of God and his worship. The common sacrifice and the common meal ratify the covenant of reconciliation.

    - Jacob Wrestles in Prayer

    3. מחנים machănāyı̂m, Machanaim, "two camps."

    22. יבק yaboq, Jabboq; related: בקק bāqaq "gush or gurgle out" or אבק 'ābaq in niphal, "wrestle." Now Wady Zurka.

    29. ישׂראל yı̂śrā'ēl, Jisrael, "prince of God."

    31. פניאל penı̂y'ēl equals פנוּאל penû'ēl, Peniel, Penuel, "face of God."

    After twenty years spent in Aram, Jacob now returns to Kenann. As his departure was marked by a great moment in his spiritual life, so he is now approaching to a crisis in his life of no less significance