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Hebrews 10:33

    Hebrews 10:33 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Partly, whilst you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst you became companions of them that were so used.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    partly, being made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, becoming partakers with them that were so used.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    In part, in being attacked by angry words and cruel acts, before the eyes of everyone, and in part, in being united with those who were attacked in this way.

    Webster's Revision

    partly, being made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, becoming partakers with them that were so used.

    World English Bible

    partly, being exposed to both reproaches and oppressions; and partly, becoming partakers with those who were treated so.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    partly, being made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, becoming partakers with them that were so used.

    Definitions for Hebrews 10:33

    Became - Was exactly suited for; was fitting.

    Clarke's Commentary on Hebrews 10:33

    Ye were made a gazing-stock - Θεατριζομενοι· Ye were exhibited as wild beasts and other shows at the theatres. See the note on 1 Corinthians 4:9, where all this is illustrated.

    Companions of them that were so used - It appears, from 1 Thessalonians 2:14, 1 Thessalonians 2:15, that the Churches of God in Judea were greatly persecuted, and that they believed with courage and constancy in their persecutions. When any victim of persecuting rage was marked out, the rest were prompt to take his part, and acknowledge themselves believers in the same doctrine for which he suffered. This was a noble spirit; many would have slunk into a corner, and put off the marks of Christ, that they might not be exposed to affliction on this account.

    Barnes' Notes on Hebrews 10:33

    Partly - That is, your affliction consisted partly in this. The Greek is, "this" - specifying one kind of affliction that they were called to endure.

    Whilst ye were made a gazing-stock - Greek θεατριζόμενοι theatrizomenoi - you were made a public spectacle, as if in a theater; you were held up to public view, or exposed to public scorn. When this was done, or in precisely what manner, we are not told. It was not an uncommon thing, however, for the early Christians to be held up to reproach and scorn, and probably this refers to some time when it was done by rulers or magistrates. It was a common custom among the Greeks and Romans to lead criminals, before they were put to death, through the theater, and thus to expose them to the insults and reproaches of the multitude. See the proofs of this adduced by Kuinoel on this passage. The "language" here seems to have been taken from this custom, though there is no evidence that the Christians to whom Paul refers had been treated in this manner.

    By reproaches - Repreached as being the followers of Jesus of Nazareth; probably as weak and fanatical.

    And afflictions - Various "sufferings" inflicted on them. They were not merely reviled in words, but they were made to endure positive sufferings of various kinds.

    And partly, while ye became companions of them that were so used - That is, even when they had not themselves been subjected to these trials, they had sympathized with those who were. They doubtless imparted to them of their property; sent to them relief, and identified themselves with them. It is not known to what particular occasion the apostle here refers. In the next verse he mentions one instance in which they had done this, in aiding him when he was a prisoner.

    Verses Related to Hebrews 10:33

    Jeremiah 20:11 - But the LORD is with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail: they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: their everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten.
    1 Thessalonians 3:4 - For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know.
    1 Corinthians 4:12 - And labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it: