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Isaiah 10:30

    Isaiah 10:30 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Lift up your voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard to Laish, O poor Anathoth.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Cry aloud with thy voice, O daughter of Gallim! hearken, O Laishah! O thou poor Anathoth!

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Give a loud cry, daughter of Gallim; let Laishah give ear; let Anathoth give answer to her.

    Webster's Revision

    Cry aloud with thy voice, O daughter of Gallim! hearken, O Laishah! O thou poor Anathoth!

    World English Bible

    Cry aloud with your voice, daughter of Gallim! Listen, Laishah! You poor Anathoth!

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Cry aloud with thy voice, O daughter of Gallim! hearken, O Laishah! O thou poor Anathoth!

    Clarke's Commentary on Isaiah 10:30

    Cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anothoth "Hearken unto her, O Laish; answer her, O Anathoth!" - I follow in this the Syriac Version. The prophet plainly alludes to the name of the place, and with a peculiar propriety, if it had its name frown its remarkable echo. "ענתות anathoth, responsiones: eadem ratio nominis, quae in בית ענת beith anath, locus echus; nam hodienum ejus rudera ostenduntur in valle, scil. in medio montium, ut referent Robertus in Itiner. p. 70, et Monconnysius, p. 301." Simonis Onomasticon Vet. Test. - L. Anathoth - Answers, replies; for the same reason that Bethany, בית ענת berth anath, had its name, the house of echo; the remains of which are still shown in the valley, i.e., among the mountains.

    Barnes' Notes on Isaiah 10:30

    Lift up thy voice - That is, cry aloud from alarm and terror. The prophet here changes the manner of describing the advance of Sennacherib. He had described his rapid march from place to place Isaiah 10:28-29, and the consternation at Ramah and Gibeah; he now changes the mode of description, and calls on Gallim to lift up her voice of alarm at the approach of the army, so that it might reverberate among the hills, and be heard by neighboring towns.

    Daughter - A term often applied to a beautiful city or town; see the note at Isaiah 1:8.

    Gallim - This was a city of Benjamin, north of Jerusalem. It is mentioned only in this place and in 1 Samuel 25:44. No traces of this place are now to be found.

    Cause it to be heard - That is, cause thy voice to be heard. Raise the cry of distress and alarm.

    Unto Laish - There was a city of this name in the northern part of Palestine, in the bounds of the tribe of Dan; Judges 18:7, Judges 18:29. But it is contrary to all the circumstances of the case to suppose, that the prophet refers to a place in the north of Palestine. It was probably a small village in the neighborhood of Gallim. There are at present no traces of the village; in 1 Macc. 9:9, a city of this name is mentioned in the vicinity of Jerusalem, which is, doubtless, the one here referred to.

    O poor Anathoth - Anathoth was a city of Benjamin Joshua 21:18, where Jeremiah was born; Jeremiah 1:1. 'Anata, which is, doubtless, the same place here intended, is situated on a broad ridge of land, at the distance of one hour and a quarter, or about three miles, from Jerusalem. Josephus describes Anathoth as twenty stadia distant from Jerusalem (Ant. x. 7, 3); and Eusebius and Jerome mention it as about three miles to the north of the city. 'Anata appears to have been once a walled town, and a place of strength. Portions of the wall still remain, built of large hewn stones, and apparently ancient, as are also the foundations of some of the houses. The houses are few, and the people are poor and miserable. From this point there is an extensive view over the whole eastern slope of the mountainous country of Benjamin, including all the valley of the Jordan, and the northern part of the Dead Sea. From this place, also, several of the villages here mentioned are visible. - Robinson's "Bib. Researches," ii. pp. 109-111.

    The word "poor," applied to it here (עניה ‛ănı̂yâh) denotes afflicted, oppressed; and the language is that of pity, on account of the impending calamity, and is not designed to be descriptive of its ordinary state. The language in the Hebrew is a paranomasia, a species of writing quite common in the sacred writings; see Genesis 1:2; Genesis 4:12; Isaiah 28:10, Isaiah 28:13; Joel 1:15; Isaiah 32:7; Micah 1:10, Micah 1:14; Zephaniah 2:4; compare Stuart's "Heb. Gram." Ed. 1, Section 246. The figure abounded not only in the Hebrew but among the Orientals generally. Lowth reads this, 'Answer her, O Anathoth;' following in this the Syriac version, which reads the word rendered "poor" (עניה ‛ănı̂yâh) as a verb from ענה ‛ânâh, to answer, or respond, and supposes that the idea is retained of an "echo," or reverberation among the hills, from which he thinks "Anathoth," from the same verb, took its name. But the meaning of the Hebrew text is that given in our translation. The simple idea is that of neighboring cities and towns lifting up the voice of alarm; at the approach of the enemy.

    Wesley's Notes on Isaiah 10:30

    10:30 Daughter - Jerusalem was the mother city, and lesser towns are commonly called her daughters.

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