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Isaiah 5:10

    Isaiah 5:10 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Yes, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    For ten fields of vines will only give one measure of wine, and a great amount of seed will only give a small measure of grain.

    Webster's Revision

    For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

    World English Bible

    For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield an ephah."

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

    Definitions for Isaiah 5:10

    Bath - A liquid measurement.
    Ephah - To surround; compass.
    Yea - Yes; certainly.

    Barnes' Notes on Isaiah 5:10

    Yea, ten acres - In this verse a reason is rendered why the houses mentioned in the previous verse should become desolate. The reason is, that the land would become sterile and barren, as a divine judgment for their oppression. To what particular time the prophet refers, here, is not apparent. It is certain, however, that the land of Canaan was frequently given up to sterility. The withholding of the early and latter rains, or the neglect of cultivation from any cause, would produce this. At present, this formerly fertile country is among the most unproductive on the face of the earth.

    Ten acres - An "acre," among the Hebrews, was what could be plowed by one yoke of oxen in a day. It did not differ materially from our acre.

    Shall yield one bath - One bath of wine. The "bath" was a Jewish measure for liquids, containing about seven gallons and a half. To say that "ten acres" should produce no more wine than this; was the same as to say that it would produce almost nothing.

    And the seed of an homer - An "homer" was a Hebrew measure for grain, containing about eight bushels.

    An ephah - The "ephah" contained about three pecks. Of course, to say that an homer of seed should produce about three pecks, would be the same as saying that it would produce almost nothing.

    Wesley's Notes on Isaiah 5:10

    5:10 One bath - Of wine. The bath contained about eight gallons. Thus an acre did not yield one gallon. An ephah - Which was of the same quantity with the bath, only the bath was the measure of liquid things, the ephah of dry things; and a ephah was the tenth part of an homer. So instead of the increase which that fruitful land commonly yielded, they should loose nine parts of their seed.