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Job 24:9

    Job 24:9 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    There are that pluck the fatherless from the breast, And take a pledge of the poor;

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    The child without a father is forced from its mother's breast, and they take the young children of the poor for debt.

    Webster's Revision

    There are that pluck the fatherless from the breast, And take a pledge of the poor;

    World English Bible

    There are those who pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor,

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    There are that pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor:

    Clarke's Commentary on Job 24:9

    They pluck the fatherless from the breast - They forcibly take young children in order that they may bring them up in a state of slavery. This verse is the commencement of a new paragraph, and points out the arbitrary dealings of oppressors, under despotic governors.

    Take a pledge of the poor - Oppressive landlords who let out their grounds at an exorbitant rent, which the poor laborers, though using the utmost diligence, are unable at all times to pay; and then the unfeeling wretch sells then up, as the phrase here is, or takes their cow, their horse, their cart, or their bed, in pledge, that the money shall be paid in such a time. This is one of the crying sins of some countries of Europe.

    Barnes' Notes on Job 24:9

    They pluck the fatherless from the breast - That is, they steal away unprotected children, and sell them, or make slaves of them for their own use. If this is the correct interpretation, then there existed at that time, what has existed since, so much to the disgrace of mankind, the custom of kidnapping children, and bearing them away to be sold as slaves. Slavery existed in early ages; and it must have been in some such way that slaves were procured. The wonder of Job is, that such people were permitted to live - that God did not come forth and punish them. The fact still exists, and the ground of wonder is not diminished. Africa bleeds under wrongs of this kind; and the vengeance of heaven seems to sleep, though the child is torn away from its mother, and conveyed, amid many horrors, to a distant land, to wear out life in hopeless servitude.

    And take a pledge of the poor - Take that, therefore, which is necessary for the comfort of the poor, and retain it, so that they cannot enjoy its use; see the notes at Job 22:6.

    Wesley's Notes on Job 24:9

    24:9 They - The oppressors. Pluck - Out of covetousness; they will not allow the mother time for the suckling of her infant.
    Book: Job