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Job 28:16

    Job 28:16 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, With the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    It may not be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the onyx of great price, or the sapphire.

    Webster's Revision

    It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, With the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

    World English Bible

    It can't be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

    Clarke's Commentary on Job 28:16

    The gold of Ophir - Gold is five times mentioned in this and Job 28:17 and Job 28:19, and four of the times in different words. I shall consider them all at once.

    1. סגור Segor, from סגר sagar, to shut up. Gold. in the mine, or shut up in the ore; native gold washed by the streams out of the mountains, etc.; unwrought gold.

    Job 28:16

    2. כתם Kethem, from כתם catham, to sign or stamp: gold made current by being coined, or stamped with its weight or value; what we would call standard or sterling gold.

    Job 28:161. שהם shoham, the Onyx, from ονυξ, a man's nail, hoof of a horse, because in color it resembles both. This stone is a species of chalcedony; and consists of alternate layers of white and brown chalcedony, under which it generally ranges. In the Vulgate it is called sardonyx, compounded of sard and onyx. Sard is also a variety of chalcedony, of a deep reddish-brown color, of which, and alternate layers of milk-white chalcedony, the sardonyx consists. A most beautiful block of this mineral sardonyx, from Iceland, now lies before me.

    2. ספיר sappir, the Sapphire stone, From ספר saphar, to count, number; probably from the number of golden spots with which it is said the sapphire of the ancients abounded. Pliny says, Hist. Nat. lib. xxxvii., cap. 8: Sapphirus aureis punctis collucet: coeruleae et sapphiri, raraque cum purpura: optimae apud Medos, nusquam tame perlucidae. "The sapphire glitters with golden spots. Sapphires are sometimes of an azure, never of a purple color. Those of Media are the best, but there are none transparent." This may mean the blood stones; but see below. What we call the sapphire is a variety of the perfect corundum; it is in hardness inferior only to the diamond. It is of several colors, and from them it has obtained several names.

    1. The transparent or translucent is called the white sapphire.

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    Barnes' Notes on Job 28:16

    The gold of Ophir - Uniformly spoken of as the most precious gold; see the notes at Job 22:24.

    With the precious onyx - The onyx is a semi-pellucid gem, with variously colored veins or zones. It is a variety of the chalcedony. The Arabic word denotes that which was of two colors, where the white predominated. The Greeks gave the name "onyx" ὄνυξ onux to the gem from its resemblance to the color of the thumbnail; see Passow.

    Or the sapphire - See the notes at Job 28:6.
    Book: Job