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Job 33:18

    Job 33:18 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    He keeps back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    He keepeth back his soul from the pit, And his life from perishing by the sword.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    To keep back his soul from the underworld, and his life from destruction.

    Webster's Revision

    He keepeth back his soul from the pit, And his life from perishing by the sword.

    World English Bible

    He keeps back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

    Clarke's Commentary on Job 33:18

    He keepeth back his soul from the pit - By the above means, how many have been snatched from an untimely death! By taking the warning thus given, some have been prevented from perishing by the pit - some sudden accident; and others from the sword of the assassin or nocturnal murderer. It would be easy to give examples, in all these kinds; but the knowledge of the reader may save this trouble to the commentator.

    Barnes' Notes on Job 33:18

    He keepeth back his soul from the pit - The word soul in the Hebrew is often equivalent to self, and the idea is, that he keeps the man from the pit in this manner. The object of these warnings is to keep him from rushing on to his own destruction. The word rendered "pit" - שׁחת shachath, properly means a pit, or pitfall, in which traps are laid for wild animals; Psalm 7:15; Psalm 9:15; then a cistern that is miry; Job 9:31; a prison, Isaiah 51:14; then the grave, or sepulchre, as being often a cavern; Job 17:13; Psalm 30:9; see Job 33:28, Job 33:30. It evidently means here the grave, and the sense is, that God thus warns people against pursuing a course of conduct which would lead them to destruction, or would speedily terminate their lives.

    And his life from perishing by the sword - Margin, "passing by." The meaning of the Hebrew may be, "to keep his life from passing away by the sword;" as if the sword were the means by which the life or soul passed from the body. The word rendered sword here - שׁלח shelach is from שׁלח shâlach - to send, cast, hurl, and the reference is rather to something sent, as of an arrow, dart, javelin, than to a sword. The sense is not materially varied, and the idea referred to is that of a violent death. The meaning is, that God by these warnings would keep a man from such a course of life as would lead to a death by violence - either by punishment for his crime, or by being cut off in war.

    Wesley's Notes on Job 33:18

    33:18 Keepeth - By his gracious admonitions whereby he leads him to repentance.
    Book: Job