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John 3:20

    John 3:20 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    For every one that does evil hates the light, neither comes to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, lest his works should be reproved.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    The light is hated by everyone whose acts are evil and he does not come to the light for fear that his acts will be seen.

    Webster's Revision

    For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, lest his works should be reproved.

    World English Bible

    For everyone who does evil hates the light, and doesn't come to the light, lest his works would be exposed.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    For every one that doeth ill hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, lest his works should be reproved.

    Clarke's Commentary on John 3:20

    For every one that doeth evil hateth the light - He who doth vile or abominable things: alluding to the subject mentioned in the preceding verse.

    The word φαυλος, evil or vile, is supposed by some to come from the Hebrew פלס phalas, to roll, and so cover oneself in dust or ashes, which was practised in token of humiliation and grief, not only by the more eastern nations, see Job 42:6, but also by the Greeks and Trojans, as appears from Homer, Iliad xviii. l. 26; xxii. l. 414; xxiv. l. 640; compare Virgil, Aen. x. l. 844; and Ovid, Metam. lib. viii. l. 528. From the above Hebrew word, it is likely that the Saxon ful, the English foul, the Latin vilis, and the English vile, are derived. See Parkhurst under φαυλος.

    Lest his deeds should be reproved - Or discovered. To manifest or discover, is one sense of the original word, ελεγχω, in the best Greek writers; and it is evidently its meaning in this place.

    Barnes' Notes on John 3:20

    That doeth evil - Every wicked person.

    Hateth the light - This is true of all wicked men. They choose to practice their deeds of wickedness in darkness. They are afraid of the light, because they could be easily detected. Hence, most crimes are committed in the night. So with the sinner against God. He hates the gospel, for it condemns his conduct, and his conscience would trouble him if it were enlightened.

    His deeds should be reproved - To "reprove" here means not only to "detect" or make manifest, but also includes the idea of "condemnation" when his deeds are detected. The gospel would make his wickedness manifest, and his conscience would condemn him. We learn from this verse:

    1. that one design of the gospel is "to reprove" men. It convicts them of sin in order that it may afford consolation.

    2. that men by nature "hate" the gospel. No man who is a sinner loves it; and no man by nature is disposed to come to it, any more than an adulterer or thief is disposed to come to the daylight, and do his deeds of wickedness there.

    3. The reason why the gospel, is hated is that men are sinners. "Christ is hated because sin is loved."

    4. The sinner must be convicted or convinced of sin. If it be not in this world, it will be in the next. There is no escape for him; and the only way to avoid condemnation in the world to come is to come humbly and acknowledge sin here, and seek for pardon.