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Leviticus 16:8

    Leviticus 16:8 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And Aaron will make selection from the two goats by the decision of the Lord, one goat for the Lord and one for Azazel.

    Webster's Revision

    And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

    World English Bible

    Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for Yahweh, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for Azazel.

    Definitions for Leviticus 16:8

    Cast - Worn-out; old; cast-off.
    Lot - Portion; destiny; fate.

    Clarke's Commentary on Leviticus 16:8

    Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats - The Jews inform us that there were two lots made either of wood, stone, or any kind of metal. On one was written לשם Lashshem, for the Name, i. e., יהוה Jehovah, which the Jews will neither write nor pronounce: on the other was written לעזאזל Laazazel, for the Scape-Goat: then they put the two lots into a vessel which was called קלפי kalpey, the goats standing with their faces towards the west. Then the priest came, and the goats stood before him, one on the right hand and the other on the left; the kalpey was then shaken, and the priest put in both his hands and brought out a lot in each: that which was in his right hand he laid on the goat that was on his right, and that in his left hand he laid on the goat that was on his left; and according to what was written on the lots, the scape-goat and the goat for sacrifice were ascertained. See the Mishna, in Tract. Yoma. The determining this solemn business by lot, the disposal of which is with the Lord, Proverbs 16:33, shows that God alone was to select and point out the person by whom this great atonement was to be made; hence he says: Behold I lay in Zion a stone, elect (that is, chosen by himself) and precious - of infinite value.

    Barnes' Notes on Leviticus 16:8

    The two goats formed a single sin-offering, Leviticus 16:5. To bring out the meaning of the sacrifice it was necessary that the act of a living being should be performed after death. See Leviticus 16:22 note. As this could not possibly be visibly set forth with a single victim, two were employed, as in the case of the birds in the rite for the healed leper Leviticus 14:4-6.

    For the scapegoat - Rather, for Azazel. The word occurs nowhere else in the Old Testament but in this chapter, and is probably derived from a root in use in Arabic, but not in Hebrew, signifying to "remove", or "to separate".

    Azazel is the pre-Mosaic name of an evil personal being placed in opposition to Yahweh. Each goat, having been presented to Yahweh before the lots were cast, stood in a sacrificial relation to Him. The casting of lots was an appeal to the decision of Yahweh (compare Joshua 7:16-17; Joshua 14:2; Proverbs 16:33; Acts 1:26, etc.); it was therefore His act to choose one of the goats for His service in the way of ordinary sacrifice, the other for His service in carrying off the sins to Azazel (see the note at Leviticus 16:22). By this exppressive outward sign the sins were sent back to the author of sin himself, "the entirely separate one," who was banished from the realm of grace.

    The goat itself did not lose the sacred character with which it had been endued in being presented before Yahweh. It was, as much as the slain goat, a figure of Him who bore our griefs and carried our sorrows, on whom the Lord laid the iniquity of us all Isaiah 53:4, Isaiah 53:6, that we might become a sanctified Church to be presented unto Himself, not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing Ephesians 5:26-27.