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Luke 1:51

    Luke 1:51 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    He has showed strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    He hath showed strength with his arm; He hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    With his arm he has done acts of power; he has put to flight those who have pride in their hearts.

    Webster's Revision

    He hath showed strength with his arm; He hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.

    World English Bible

    He has shown strength with his arm. He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    He hath shewed strength with his arm; He hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.

    Clarke's Commentary on Luke 1:51

    He hath showed strength - Or, He hath gained the victory, εποιησε κρατος. The word κρατος is used for victory, by Homer, Hesiod, Sophocles, Euripides, and others.

    With his arm - Grotius has well observed, that God's efficacy is represented by his finger, his great power by his hand, and his omnipotence by his arm. The plague of lice was the finger of God, Exodus 7:18. The plagues in general were wrought by his hand, Exodus 3:20, And the destruction of Pharaoh's host in the Red Sea, which was effected by the omnipotence of God, is called the act of his arm, Exodus 15:16.

    He hath scattered - Διεσκορπισεν, hath scattered abroad; as a whirlwind scatters dust and chaff.

    The proud - Or haughty, ὑπερηφανους; from ὑπερ above, and φαινω I show - the haughty men, who wish to be noticed in preference to all others, and feel sovereign contempt for all but themselves. These God scatters abroad - instead of being in his sight, as in their own, the most excellent of the earth, he treats them as straw, stubble, chaff, and dust.

    In the imagination of their hearts - While they are forming their insolent, proud, and oppressive projects - laying their plans, and imagining that accomplishment and success are waiting at their right hand, the whirlwind of God's displeasure blows, and they and their machinations are dissipated together.

    Barnes' Notes on Luke 1:51

    Hath showed strength with his arm - The "arm" is the symbol of strength. The expression in this and the subsequent verses has no particular reference to his mercy to Mary. From a contemplation of His goodness to her, she enlarges her views to a contemplation of His goodness and power in general, and to a celebration of the praises of God for all that he has done to all people. This is the nature of true piety. It does not terminate in thinking of God's mercy toward ourselves. It thinks of others, and praises God that others also are made partakers of His mercy, and that His goodness is manifested to all His works.

    He scattereth the proud - He hath often done it in time of battle and war. When the proud Assyrian, Egyptian, or Babylonian had come against the people of God, He had often scattered them and driven away their armies.

    In the imagination of their hearts - Those who were lifted up or exalted in their own view. Those who "thought themselves" to be superior to other men.

    Wesley's Notes on Luke 1:51

    1:51 He hath wrought strength with his arm - That is, he hath shown the exceeding greatness of his power. She speaks prophetically of those things as already done, which God was about to do by the Messiah. He hath scattered the proud - Visible and invisible.