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Proverbs 12:4

    Proverbs 12:4 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that makes ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    A worthy woman is the crown of her husband; But she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    A woman of virtue is a crown to her husband; but she whose behaviour is a cause of shame is like a wasting disease in his bones.

    Webster's Revision

    A worthy woman is the crown of her husband; But she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

    World English Bible

    A worthy woman is the crown of her husband, but a disgraceful wife is as rottenness in his bones.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

    Clarke's Commentary on Proverbs 12:4

    A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband - אשת חיל esheth chayil, a strong woman. Our word virtue (virtus) is derived from vir, a man; and as man is the noblest of God's creatures, virtue expresses what is becoming to man; what is noble, courageous, and dignified: and as vir, a man, comes from vis, power or strength; so it implies what is strong and vigorous in principle: and as in uncivilized life strength and courage were considered the very highest, because apparently the most necessary, of all virtues; hence the term itself might have become the denomination of all excellent moral qualities; and is now applied to whatever constitutes the system of morality and moral duties. In some parts of the world, however, where arts and sciences have made little progress, strength is one of the first qualifications of a wife, where the labors of the field are appointed to them. It is not an uncommon sight in different parts of Africa, to see the wives (queens) of the kings and chiefs going out in the morning to the plantations, with their mattock in their hand, and their youngest child on their back; and when arrived at the ground, lay the young prince or princess upon the earth, which when weary of lying on one side, will roll itself on the other, and thus continue during the course of the day, without uttering a single whimper, except at the intervals in which its mother gives it suck; she being employed all the while in such labor as we in Europe generally assign to our horses. In these cases, the strong wife is the highest acquisition; and is a crown to her husband, though he be king of Bonny or Calabar. It is certain that in ancient times the women in Judea did some of the severest work in the fields, such as drawing water from the wells, and watering the flocks, etc. On this account, I think, the words may be taken literally; and especially when we add another consideration, that a woman healthy, and of good muscular powers, is the most likely to produce and properly rear up a healthy offspring; and children of this kind are a crown to their parents.

    Is as rottenness in his bones - Does not this refer to a woman irregular in her manners, who by her incontinence not only maketh her husband ashamed, but contracts and communicates such diseases as bring rottenness into the bones? I think so. And I think this was the view taken of the text by Coverdale, who translates thus: "A stedfast woman is a crowne unto her hussbonde: but she that behaveth herself unhonestly is a corruption in his bones."

    Barnes' Notes on Proverbs 12:4

    Virtuous - The word implies the virtue of earnestness, or strength of character, rather than of simple chastity.

    A crown - With the Jews the sign, not of kingly power only, but also of joy and gladness. Compare Sol 3:11.

    Verses Related to Proverbs 12:4

    Matthew 12:25 - And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand:
    Hebrews 13:4 - Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
    2 Corinthians 6:14 - Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?