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Psalms 104:8

    Psalms 104:8 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys to the place which you have founded for them.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    (The mountains rose, the valleys sank down) Unto the place which thou hadst founded for them.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    The mountains came up and the valleys went down into the place which you had made ready for them.

    Webster's Revision

    (The mountains rose, the valleys sank down) Unto the place which thou hadst founded for them.

    World English Bible

    The mountains rose, the valleys sank down, to the place which you had assigned to them.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    They went up by the mountains, they went down by the valleys, unto the place which thou hadst founded for them.

    Clarke's Commentary on Psalms 104:8

    They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys - Taking the words as they stand here, springs seem to be what are intended. But it is difficult to conceive how the water could ascend, through the fissures of mountains, to their tops, and then come down their sides so as to form rivulets to water the valleys. Most probably all the springs in mountains and hills are formed from waters which fall on their tops in the form of rain, or from clouds that, passing over them, are arrested, and precipitate their contents, which, sinking down, are stopped by some solid strata, till, forcing their way at some aperture at their sides, they form springs and fountains. Possibly, however, vapours and exhalations are understood; these by evaporation ascend to the tops of mountains, where they are condensed and precipitated. Thus the vapours ascend, and then come down to the valleys, forming fountains and rivulets in those places which the providence of God has allotted them; that is, continuous valleys, with such a degree of inclination as determines their waters to run in that direction till they reach another river, or fall into the ocean.

    Some have thought there is a reference to the breaking up on the fountains of the great deep, at the time of the flood; while the protrusion of the waters would raise the circumambient crust, so as to form mountains, the other parts, falling in to fill up the vacuum occasioned by the waters which were thrown up from the central abyss, would constitute valleys.

    Ovid seems to paraphrase this verse: -

    Jussit et extendi campos, subsidere valles,

    Fronde tegi sylvas, lapidosos surgere montes.

    Met. lib. i., ver. 43.

    "He shades the woods, the valleys he restrains

    With rocky mountains, and extends the plains."

    Dryden.

    Barnes' Notes on Psalms 104:8

    They go up by the mountains ... - That is, when they were gathered together into seas. They seemed to roll and tumble over hills and mountains, and to run down in valleys, until they found the deep hollows which had been formed for seas, and where they were permanently collected together. The margin here is, "The mountains ascend, the valleys descend." So it is translated in the Septuagint, in the Latin Vulgate, by Luther, and by DeWette. The more natural idea, however, is that in our translation: "They (the waters) go up mountains; they descend valleys."

    Unto the place - The deep hollows of the earth, which seem to have been scooped out to make a place for them.

    Which thou hast founded for them - Where thou hast laid a permanent foundation for them on which to rest; that is, which thou hast prepared for them.

    Wesley's Notes on Psalms 104:8

    104:8 Go up - In that first division of the waters from the earth, part went upwards, and became springs in the mountains, the greatest part went downwards to the channels made for them.