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Psalms 51:17

    Psalms 51:17 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: A broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    The offerings of God are a broken spirit; a broken and sorrowing heart, O God, you will not put from you.

    Webster's Revision

    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: A broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

    World English Bible

    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit. A broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

    Definitions for Psalms 51:17

    Contrite - Crushed, broken or bruised in spirit.

    Clarke's Commentary on Psalms 51:17

    The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit - As my crimes are such as admit of no legal atonement, so thou hast reserved them to be punished by exemplary acts of justice, or to be pardoned by a sovereign act of mercy: but in order to find this mercy, thou requirest that the heart and soul should deeply feel the transgression, and turn to thee with the fullest compunction and remorse. This thou hast enabled me to do. I have the broken spirit, רוח נשברה ruach nishbarah; and the broken and contrite heart, לב נשבר ונדכה leb nishbar venidkeh. These words are very expressive. שבר shabar signifies exactly the same as our word shiver, to break into pieces, to reduce into splinters; and דכה dakah, signifies to beat out thin, - to beat out masses of metal, etc., into laminae or thin plates. The spirit broken all to pieces, and the heart broken all to pieces, stamped and beaten out, are the sacrifices which, in such cases, thou requirest; and these "thou wilt not despise." We may now suppose that God had shone upon his soul, healed his broken spirit, and renewed and removed his broken and distracted heart; and that he had now received the answer to the preceding prayers. And here the Psalm properly ends; as, in the two following verses, there is nothing similar to what we find in the rest of this very nervous and most important composition.

    Barnes' Notes on Psalms 51:17

    The sacrifices of God - The sacrifices which God desires and approves; the sacrifices without which no other offering would be acceptable. David felt that that which he here specified was what was demanded in his case. He had grievously sinned; and the blood of animals offered in sacrifice could not put away his sin, nor could anything remove it unless the heart were itself penitent and contrite. The same thing is true now. Though a most perfect sacrifice, every way acceptable to God, has been made for human guilt by the Redeemer, yet it is as true as it was under the old dispensation in regard to the sacrifices there required, that even that will not avail for us unless we are truly penitent; unless we come before God with a contrite and humble heart.

    Are a broken spirit - A mind broken or crushed under the weight of conscious guilt. The idea is that of a burden laid on the Soul until it is crushed and subdued.

    A broken and a contrite heart - The word rendered contrite means to be broken or crushed, as when the bones are broken, Psalm 44:19; Psalm 51:8; and then it is applied to the mind or heart as that which is crushed or broken by the weight of guilt. The word does not differ materially from the term "broken." The two together constitute intensity of expression.

    Thou wilt not despise - Thou wilt not treat with contempt or disregard. That is, God would look upon them with favor, and to such a heart he would grant his blessing. See the notes at Isaiah 57:15; notes at Isaiah 66:2.

    Wesley's Notes on Psalms 51:17

    51:17 A broken spirit - This is of more value than many sacrifices.