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Romans 11:35

    Romans 11:35 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Or who has first given to him, and it shall be recompensed to him again?

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Or who has first given to him, and it will be given back to him again?

    Webster's Revision

    or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

    World English Bible

    "Or who has first given to him, and it will be repaid to him again?"

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

    Clarke's Commentary on Romans 11:35

    Or, who hath first given to him - Who can pretend to have any demands upon God? To whom is he indebted? Have either Jews or Gentiles any right to his blessings? May not he bestow his favors as he pleases, and to whom he pleases? Does he do any injustice to the Jews in choosing the Gentiles! And was it because he was under obligation to the Gentiles that he has chosen them in the place of the Jews? Let him who has any claim on God prefer it; and he shall be compensated.

    But how can the Creator be indebted to the creature? How can the Cause be dependent on the effect? How can the Author of providence, and the Father of every good and perfect gift, be under obligation to them for whom he provides, and who are wholly dependent on his bounty?

    Barnes' Notes on Romans 11:35

    Or who hath ... - The sentiment in this verse is found substantially in Job 41:11. "Who hath prevented me, that I should repay him." The Hebrew word "prevented" means to anticipate, to go before; and God asks who has anticipated me; who has conferred favors on me before I have on him; who has thus laid me under obligation to him." This is the sense in which the apostle uses the word here. Who has, by his services, laid God under obligation to recompense or pay him again? It is added in Job, "Whatsoever is under the whole heaven is mine." Thus Paul, contrary to the prevailing doctrine of the Jews, shows that no one could plead his own merits, or advance with a claim on God. All the favors of salvation must be bestowed by mercy or grace. God owned them all; and he had a right to bestow them when and where he pleased. The same claim to all things is repeatedly made by God; Exodus 19:5; Deuteronomy 10:14; Psalm 24:1; Psalm 50:12.

    Shall be recompensed - Repaid as a matter of debt. None of God's mercies can be conferred in that way; if they could, man could bring God under obligation, and destroy the freeness and benevolence of his favors.

    Wesley's Notes on Romans 11:35

    11:35 Given to him - Either wisdom or power?