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Zephaniah 3:1

    Zephaniah 3:1 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Woe to her that is rebellious and polluted! to the oppressing city!

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Sorrow to her who is uncontrolled and unclean, the cruel town!

    Webster's Revision

    Woe to her that is rebellious and polluted! to the oppressing city!

    World English Bible

    Woe to her who is rebellious and polluted, the oppressing city!

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Woe to her that is rebellious and polluted, to the oppressing city!

    Definitions for Zephaniah 3:1

    Woe - An expression of grief or indignation.

    Clarke's Commentary on Zephaniah 3:1

    Wo to her that is filthy - This is a denunciation of Divine judgment against Jerusalem.

    Barnes' Notes on Zephaniah 3:1

    The "woe," having gone round the pagan nations, again circles round where it began, the "Jerusalem that killed the prophets and stoned those that were sent unto her" Matthew 23:37. Woe upon her, and joy to the holy Jerusalem, the "new Jerusalem Revelation 3:12; Revelation 21:10, the Jerusalem which is from above, the mother of us all," close this prophecy; both in figure; destruction of her and the whole earth, in time, the emblem of the eternal death; and the love of God, the foretaste of endless joy in Him.

    Woe - "Rebellious and polluted;" "thou oppressive city!" . The address is the more abrupt, and bursts more upon her, since the prophet does not name her. He uses as her proper name, not her own name, city of peace," but "rebellious," "polluted;" then he sums up in one, thou "oppressive city."

    Jerusalem's sin is threefold, actively rebelling against God; then, inwardly defiled by sin; then cruel to man. So then, toward God, in herself, toward man, she is wholly turned to evil, not in passing acts, but in her abiding state:

    (1) rebellious

    (2) defiled

    (3) oppressive

    She is known only by what she has become, and what has been done for her in vain. She is rebellious, and so had had the law; defiled, and so had been cleansed; and therefore her state is the more hopeless.

    Wesley's Notes on Zephaniah 3:1

    3:1 To her - Jerusalem.