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1 Corinthians 8:11

    1 Corinthians 8:11 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And through your knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    For through thy knowledge he that is weak perisheth, the brother for whose sake Christ died.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And so, through your knowledge, you are the cause of destruction to your brother, for whom Christ underwent death.

    Webster's Revision

    For through thy knowledge he that is weak perisheth, the brother for whose sake Christ died.

    World English Bible

    And through your knowledge, he who is weak perishes, the brother for whose sake Christ died.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    For through thy knowledge he that is weak perisheth, the brother for whose sake Christ died.

    Clarke's Commentary on 1 Corinthians 8:11

    Shall the weak brother perish - Being first taught by thy conduct that there was no harm in thus eating, he grieves the Spirit of God; becomes again darkened and hardened; and, sliding back into idolatry, dies in it, and so finally perishes.

    For whom Christ died? - So we learn that a man may perish for whom Christ died: this admits of no quibble. If a man for whom Christ died, apostatizing from Christianity, (for he is called a brother though weak), return again to and die in idolatry, cannot go to heaven; then a man for whom Christ died may perish everlastingly. And if it were possible for a believer, whether strong or weak, to retrace his steps back to idolatry and die in it, surely it is possible for a man, who had escaped the pollutions that are in the world, to return to it, live and die in its spirit, and perish everlastingly also. Let him that readeth understand.

    Barnes' Notes on 1 Corinthians 8:11

    And through thy knowledge - Because you knew that an idol was nothing, and that there could be really no danger of falling into idolatry from partaking of these entertainments. You will thus be the means of deceiving and destroying him. The argument of the apostle here is, that if This was to be the result, the duty of those who had this knowledge was plain.

    Shall the weak brother - The uninformed and ignorant Christian. That it means real Christian there can be no doubt. Because:

    (1) It is the usual term by which Christians are designated - the endearing name of "brother;" and,

    (2) The scope of the passage requires it so to be understood; see the note at Romans 14:20.

    Perish - Be destroyed; ruined; lost; see the note at John 10:28. So the word ἀπολεῖται apoleitai properly and usually signifies. The sense is, that the tendency of this course would be to lead the weak brother into sin, to apostasy, and to ruin. But this does not prove that any who were truly converted should apostatize and be lost; for:

    (1) There may be a tendency to a thing, and yet that thing may never happen. It may be arrested, and the event not occur.

    (2) the warning designed to prevent it may be effectual, and be the means of saving. A man in a canoe floating down the Niagara river may have a tendency to go over the falls; but he may be hailed from the shore, and the hailing may be effectual, and he may be saved. The call to him was designed to save him, and actually had that effect. So it may be in the warnings to Christians.

    (3) the apostle does not say that any true Christian would be lost. He puts a question; and affirms that if "one" thing was done, "another might" follow. But this is not affirming that anyone would be lost. So I might say that if the man continued to float on toward the falls of Niagara, he would be destroyed. If one thing was done, the other would be a consequence. But this would be very different from a statement that a man "had actually" gone over the falls, and been lost.

    (4) it is elsewhere abundantly proved that no one who has been truly converted will apostatize and be destroyed; see the notes at John 10:28; compare the note at Romans 8:29-30.

    For whom Christ died - This is urged as an argument why we should not do anything that would tend to destroy the souls of people. And no stronger argument could be used. The argument is, that we should not do anything that would tend to frustrate the work of Christ, that would render the shedding of his blood vain. The possibility of doing this is urged; and that bare possibility should deter us from a course of conduct that might have this tendency. It is an appeal drawn from the deep and tender love, the sufferings, and the dying groans of the Son of God. If He endured so much to save the soul, assuredly we should not pursue a course that would tend to destroy it. If he denied himself so much to redeem, we should not, assuredly, be so fond of self-gratification as to be unwilling to abandon anything that would tend to destroy.