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2 Samuel 24:1

    2 Samuel 24:1 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And again the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them, saying, Go, number Israel and Judah.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Again the wrath of the Lord was burning against Israel, and moving David against them, he said, Go, take the number of Israel and Judah.

    Webster's Revision

    And again the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them, saying, Go, number Israel and Judah.

    World English Bible

    Again the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them, saying, "Go, number Israel and Judah."

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them, saying, Go, number Israel and Judah.

    Clarke's Commentary on 2 Samuel 24:1

    He moved David against them - God could not be angry with David for numbering the people if he moved him to do it; but in the parallel place (1 Chronicles 21:1) it is expressly said, Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel. David, in all probability, slackening in his piety and confidence toward God, and meditating some extension of his dominions without the Divine counsel or command, was naturally curious to know whether the number of fighting men in his empire was sufficient for the work which he had projected. See more on 2 Samuel 24:10 (note). He therefore orders Joab and the captains to take an exact account of all the effective men in Israel and Judah. God is justly displeased with this conduct, and determines that the props of his vain ambition shall be taken away, either by famine, war, or pestilence.

    Barnes' Notes on 2 Samuel 24:1

    And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel - This sentence is the heading of the whole chapter, which goes on to describe the sin which kindled this anger, namely, the numbering of the people 1 Chronicles 21:7-8; 1 Chronicles 27:24. There is no note of time, except that the word "again" shows that these events happened "after" those of 2 Samuel 21. (Compare also 2 Samuel 24:25; 2 Samuel 21:14.)

    And he moved David - In 1 Chronicles 21:1 the statement is, "and an adversary" (not "Satan," as the King James Version, since there is no article prefixed, as in Job 1:6; Job 2:1, etc.) "stood up against Israel and moved David," just as 1 Kings 11:14, 1 Kings 11:23, 1 Kings 11:25 first Hadad, and then Rezon, is said to have been "an adversary" (Satan) to Solomon and to Israel. Hence, our text should be rendered, "For one moved David against them." We are not told whose advice it was, but some one, who proved himself an enemy to the best interests of David and Israel, urged the king to number the people.