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Ephesians 4:11

    Ephesians 4:11 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And he gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And he gave some as Apostles, and some, prophets; and some, preachers of the good news; and some to give care and teaching;

    Webster's Revision

    And he gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

    World English Bible

    He gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, shepherds and teachers;

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And he gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

    Clarke's Commentary on Ephesians 4:11

    He gave some, apostles - He established several offices in his Church; furnished these with the proper officers; and, to qualify them for their work, gave them the proper gifts. For a full illustration of this verse, the reader is requested to refer to the notes on 1 Corinthians 12:6-10 (note), 1 Corinthians 12:28-30 (note); and to the concluding observations at the end of that chapter.

    Barnes' Notes on Ephesians 4:11

    And he gave some, apostles - He gave some to be apostles. The "object" here is to show that he has made ample provision for the extension and edification of his church On the meaning of the word "apostles," and on their appointment by the Saviour, see the notes on Matthew 10:1.

    And some, prophets - He appointed some to be prophets; see the Romans 12:7, note; 1 Corinthians 12:28, note; 1 Corinthians 14:1, notes.

    And some, evangelists - see the notes on Acts 21:8; compare 2 Timothy 4:5. The word does not elsewhere occur in the New Testament. What was the precise office of the evangelist in the primitive church, it is now impossible to determine. The evangelist "may" have been one whose main business was "preaching," and who was not particularly engaged in the "government" of the church. The word properly means "a messenger of good tidings;" and Robinson (Lexicon) supposes that it denotes a minister of the gospel who was not located in any place, but who traveled as a missionary to preach the gospel, and to found churches. The word is so used now by many Christians; but it cannot be proved that it is so used in the New Testament. An explanation of the words which here occur may be found in Neander on the Primitive Church, in the Biblical Repository, vol. iv. pp. 258ff The office was distinct from that of the "pastor," the teacher, and the "prophet:" and was manifestly an office in which "preaching" was the main thing.

    And some, pastors - Literally, "shepherds" - ποιμένας poimenas; compare Matthew 9:36; Matthew 25:32; Matthew 26:31; Mark 6:34; Mark 14:27; Luke 2:8, Luke 2:15, Luke 2:18, Luke 2:20; John 10:2, John 10:11-12, John 10:14, John 10:16, where it is rendered "shepherd and shepherds;" also Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; in Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:27; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25, it is applied to the Lord Jesus as the great shepherd of the flock - the church. It is rendered "pastors" only in the place before us. The word is given to ministers of the gospel with obvious propriety, and with great beauty. They are to exercise the same watchfulness and care river the people of their charge which a shepherd does over his flock; compare the notes on John 21:15-16. The meaning here is, that Christ exercised a special care for his church by appointing "pastors" who would watch over it as a shepherd does over his flock.

    And teachers - see the notes on Romans 12:7.

    Wesley's Notes on Ephesians 4:11

    4:11 And, among other his free gifts, he gave some apostles - His chief ministers and special witnesses, as having seen him after his resurrection, and received their commission immediately from him. And same prophets, and some evangelists - A prophet testifies of things to come; an evangelist of things past: and that chiefly by preaching the gospel before or after any of the apostles. All these were extraordinary officers. The ordinary were. Some pastors - Watching over their several flocks. And some teachers - Whether of the same or a lower order, to assist them, as occasion might require.