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Exodus 19:1

    Exodus 19:1 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    In the third month after the children of Israel went out from Egypt, on the same day, they came into the waste land of Sinai.

    Webster's Revision

    In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

    World English Bible

    In the third month after the children of Israel had gone forth out of the land of Egypt, on that same day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

    Clarke's Commentary on Exodus 19:1

    In the third month - This was called Sivan, and answers to our May. For the Jewish months, years, etc.

    The same day - There are three opinions concerning the meaning of this place, which are supported by respectable arguments.

    1. The same day means the same day of the third month with that, viz., the 15th, on which the Israelites had left Egypt.

    2. The same day signifies here a day of the same number with the month to which it is applied, viz., the third day of the third month.

    3. By the same day, the first day of the month is intended. The Jews celebrate the feast of pentecost fifty days after the passover: from the departure out of Egypt to the coming to Sinai were forty-five days; for they came out the fifteenth day of the first month, from which day to the first of the third month forty-five days are numbered. On the 2d day of this third month Moses went up into the mountain, when three days were given to the people to purify themselves; this gives the fourth day of the third month, or the forty-ninth from the departure out of Egypt. On the next day, which was the fiftieth from the celebration of the passover, the glory of God appeared on the mount; in commemoration of which the Jews celebrate the feast of pentecost. This is the opinion of St. Augustine and of several moderns, and is defended at large by Houbigant. As the word חדש chodesh, month, is put for new moon, which is with the Jews the first day of the month, this may be considered an additional confirmation of the above opinion.

    The wilderness of Sinai - Mount Sinai is called by the Arabs Jibel Mousa or the Mount of Moses, or, by way of eminence, El Tor, The Mount. It is one hill, with two peaks or summits; one is called Horeb, the other Sinai. Horeb was probably its most ancient name, and might designate the whole mountain; but as the Lord had appeared to Moses on this mountain in a bush סנה seneh, Exodus 3:2, from this circumstance it might have received the name of Sinai or הר סיני har Sinai, the mount of the bush or the mount of bushes; for it is possible that it was not in a single bush, but in a thicket of bushes, that the Angel of God made his appearance. The word bush is often used for woods or forests.

    Barnes' Notes on Exodus 19:1

    The wilderness ... the desert of Sinai - If the mount from which the law was delivered be the rock of Ras Safsafeh, then the spacious plain of Er Rahah would be the "desert" of Sinai (see Exodus 5:17).

    Wesley's Notes on Exodus 19:1

    19:1 In the third month after they came out of Egypt. It is computed that the law was given just fifty days after their coming out of Egypt, in remembrance of which the feast of Pentecost was observed the fiftieth day after the passover, and in compliance with which the spirit was poured out upon the apostles, at the feast of Pentecost, fifty days after the death of Christ. Mount Sinai was a place which nature, not art, had made conspicuous, for it was the highest in all that range of mountains. Thus God put contempt upon cities and palaces, setting up his pavilion on the top of a mountain, in a barren desert. It is called Sinai, from the multitude of thorny bushes that over - spread it.