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Galatians 4:29

    Galatians 4:29 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, so also it is now.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    But as in those days he who had birth after the flesh was cruel to him who had birth after the Spirit, even so it is now.

    Webster's Revision

    But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, so also it is now.

    World English Bible

    But as then, he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

    Clarke's Commentary on Galatians 4:29

    But as then he - Ishmael, who was born after the flesh - whose birth had nothing supernatural in it, but was according to the ordinary course of nature,

    Persecuted him - Isaac, who was born after the Spirit - who had a supernatural birth, according to the promise, and through the efficacy, of the Holy Spirit, giving effect to that promise - Sarah shall have a son, Genesis 17:16-21; Genesis 21:1, etc.

    Persecuted him; the persecution here referred to is that mentioned Genesis 21:9. It consisted in mocking his brother Isaac.

    Even so it is now - So the Jews, in every place, persecute the Christians; and show thereby that they are rather of the posterity of Hagar than of Sarah.

    Barnes' Notes on Galatians 4:29

    But as then he that was born after the flesh - Ishmael; see Galatians 4:23.

    Persecuted him that was born after the Spirit - That is, Isaac. The phrase, "after the Spirit," here, is synonymous with "according to the promise" in the previous verse. It stands opposed to the phrase "after the flesh," and means that his birth was by the special or miraculous agency of God; see Romans 4. It was not in the ordinary course of events. The persecution here referred to, was the injurious treatment which Isaac received from Ishmael, or the opposition which subsisted between them. The particular reference of Paul is doubtless to Genesis 21:9, where it is said that "Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking." It was on account of this, and at the special request of Sarah, that Hagar and her son were expelled from the house of Abraham; Genesis 21:10.

    Even so it is now - That is, Christians, the children of the promise, are persecuted by the Jews, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, "as it now is," and who are uninterested in the promises, as Ishmael was. For an illustration of this, see Paley's Hora Paulina, on this Epistle, no. v. Dr. Paley has remarked that it does not appear that the apostle Paul was ever set upon by the Gentiles, unless they were first stirred up by the Jews, except in two instances. One of these was at Philippi, after the cure of the Pythoness Acts 16:19; and the other at Ephesus, at the instance of Demetrius; Acts 19:24. The persecutions of the Christians arose, therefore, mainly from the Jews, from those who were in bondage to the Law, and to rites and customs; and Paul's allusion here to the case of the persecution which Isaac the free-born son endured, is exceedingly pertinent and happy.

    Wesley's Notes on Galatians 4:29

    4:29 But as then, he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, so it is now also - And so it will be in all ages and nations to the end of the world.