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Genesis 43:1

    Genesis 43:1 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And the famine was sore in the land.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And the famine was sore in the land.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And the famine was sore in the land.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Now the land was in bitter need of food.

    Webster's Revision

    And the famine was sore in the land.

    World English Bible

    The famine was severe in the land.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And the famine was sore in the land.

    Barnes' Notes on Genesis 43:1

    The famine was severe. The pressure began to be felt more and more. The twelve households had at length consumed all the corn they had purchased, and the famine still pressed heavily upon them. Jacob directs them to return. "And Judah said." Reuben had offended, and could not come forward. Simon and Levi had also grieved their father by the treacherous slaughter of the Shekemites. Judah therefore, speaks. "Is your father yet alive?" "Have ye a brother?" These questions do not come out in the previous narrative, on account of its brevity. But how pointed they are, and how true to Joseph's yearnings! They explain how it was that these particulars came out in the replies of the brothers to Joseph. For the charge of being spies did not call for them in exculpation. Judah now uses all the arguments the case would admit of, to persuade his father to allow Benjamin to go with them. He closes with the emphatic sentence, If I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me have sinned against thee all my days; that is, let me bear the blame, and of course the penalty of having sinned against thee in so tender a point. Both Judah and his father knew that this was a matter that touched the interest of the former very deeply. Reuben was bearing the blame of a grievous sin, and had no hope of the birthright. Simon and Levi were also bearing blame, and, besides, had not the natural right, which belonged only to Reuben. Judah came next, and a failure in securing the safe return of Benjamin might set him also aside. He undertakes to run this risk.