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Hosea 12:7

    Hosea 12:7 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    He is a trafficker, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    As for Canaan, the scales of deceit are in his hands; he takes pleasure in twisted ways.

    Webster's Revision

    He is a trafficker, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

    World English Bible

    A merchant has dishonest scales in his hand. He loves to defraud.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    He is a trafficker, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

    Clarke's Commentary on Hosea 12:7

    He is a merchant - Or a Canaanite; referring to the Phoenicians, famous for their traffic. Ephraim is as corrupt as those heathenish traffickers were. He kept, as many in all ages have done, a weight and a weight; a heavy one to buy with and a light one to sell by.

    Barnes' Notes on Hosea 12:7

    He is a merchant - Or, indignantly, "a merchant in whose hands are the balances of deceit!" How could they love "mercy and justice," whose trade was "deceit," who weighed out deceit with their goods? False in their dealings, in their weights and measures, and, by taking advantage of the necessities of others, oppressive also. Deceit is the sin of weakness oppression is the abuse of power. Wealth does not give the power to use naked violence but wealthy covetousness manifoldly grinds the poor. When for instance, wages are paid in necessaries priced exorbitantly, or when artisans are required to buy at a loss at their masters' shops, what is it but the union of deceit and oppression? The trading world is full of oppression, scarcely veiled by deceit. "He loveth to oppress." Deceit and oppression have, each, a devilish attractiveness to those practiced in them; deceit, as exercising cleverness, cunning, skill in overreaching, outwitting; oppression, as indulging self will, caprice, love of power, insolence, and the like vices. The word "merchant," as the prophet spoke it, was "Canaan;" merchants being so called, because the Canaanites or Phoenicians were the then great merchant-people, as astrologers were called Chaldeans. The Phoenicians were, in Homer's time, infamous for their griping in traffic. They are called "gnawers" and "money-lovers" . To call Israel, "Canaan," was to deny to him any title to the name of Israel, "reversing the blessing of Jacob, so that, as it had been said of Jacob, "thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel," he would in fact say, 'Thy name shall be called no more Israel, but Canaan'; as being, through their deeds, heirs, not to the blessings of Israel but to the curse of Canaan." So Ezekiel saith, "Thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother a Hittite" Ezekiel 16:3.

    Wesley's Notes on Hosea 12:7

    12:7 A merchant - Ephraim is so far from being as Jacob, that you may account him a Canaanite, a subtle merchant.