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Job 22:13

    Job 22:13 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And thou sayest, How doth God know? can he judge through the dark cloud?

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And you say, How does God know? can he judge through the dark cloud?

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And thou sayest, What doth God know? Can he judge through the thick darkness?

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And you say, What knowledge has God? is he able to give decisions through the deep dark?

    Webster's Revision

    And thou sayest, What doth God know? Can he judge through the thick darkness?

    World English Bible

    You say, 'What does God know? Can he judge through the thick darkness?

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And thou sayest, What doth God know? can he judge through the thick darkness?

    Definitions for Job 22:13

    Doth - To do; to produce; make.

    Barnes' Notes on Job 22:13

    And thou sayest, How doth God know? - That is, it "follows" from what you have said; or the opinion which you have advanced is "the same" as if you had affirmed this. How common it is to charge a man with holding what we "infer," from something which he has advanced, he must hold, and then to proceed to argue "as if" he actually held that. The philosophy of this is plain. He advances a certain opinion. "We" infer at once that he can hold that only on certain grounds, or that if he holds that he must hold something else also. We can see that if "we" held that opinion, we should also, for the sake of consistency, be compelled to hold something which seems to follow from it, and we cannot see how this can be avoided, and we at once charge him with holding it. But the truth may be, that "he" has not seen that such consequences follow, or that he has some other way of accounting for the fact than we have; or that he may hold to the fact and yet deny wholly the consequences which legitimately follow from it. Now we have a right to show him "by argument" that his opinions, if he would follow them out, would lead to dangerous consequences, but we have a right to charge him with holding only what he "professes" to hold. He is not answerable for our inferences; and we have no right to charge them on him as being his real opinions. Every man has a right to avow what he actually believes, and to be regarded as holding that, and that only.

    How doth God know? - That is, How can one so exalted see what is done on the distant earth, and reward and punish people according to their deserts? This opinion was actually held by many of the ancients. It was supposed that the supreme God did not condescend to attend to the affairs of mortals, but had committed the government of the earth to inferior beings. This was the foundation of the Gnostic philosophy, which prevailed so much in the East in the early ages of the Christian church. Milton puts a similar sentiment into the mouth of Eve in her reflections after she had eaten the forbidden fruit:

    And I, perhaps, am secret: heaven is high,

    High and remote from thence to see distinct

    Each thing on earth; and other care perhaps

    May have diverted from continual watch

    Our great Forbidder, safe with all his spies about him.

    Paradise Lost, B. ix.

    Can he judge through the dark cloud? - Can he look down through the clouds which interpose between man and him? Eliphaz could not see how Job could maintain his opinions without holding that this was impossible for God. He could see no other reason why God did not punish the wicked than because "he did not see them," and he, therefore, charges this opinion on Job.
    Book: Job