Search the Bible
* powered by Bible Study Tools

Job 28:17

    Job 28:17 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the exchange of it shall not be for jewels of fine gold.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the exchange of it shall not be for jewels of fine gold.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Gold and glass cannot equal it, Neither shall it be exchanged for jewels of fine gold.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Gold and glass are not equal to it in price, and it may not be exchanged for jewels of the best gold.

    Webster's Revision

    Gold and glass cannot equal it, Neither shall it be exchanged for jewels of fine gold.

    World English Bible

    Gold and glass can't equal it, neither shall it be exchanged for jewels of fine gold.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Gold and glass cannot equal it: neither shall the exchange thereof be jewels of fine gold.

    Clarke's Commentary on Job 28:17

    3. זהב Zahab, from זהב zahab, to be Lear, bright, or resplendent: the untarnishing metal; the only metal that always keeps its lustre. But probably here it means gold chased, or that in which precious stones are set; burnished gold.

    4. פז Paz, from פז paz, to consolidate, joined here with כלי keley, vessels, ornaments, instruments, etc.: hammered or wrought gold; gold in the finest forms, and most elegant utensils. This metal is at once the brightest, most solid, and most precious, of all the metals yet discovered, of which we have no less than forty in our catalogues. In these verses there are also seven kinds of precious stones, etc., mentioned: onyx, sapphire, crystal, coral, pearls, rubies, and topaz.

    These I shall also consider in the order of their occurrence.

    Job 28:173. זכוכית zechuchith, Crystal, or glass, from זכה zachah, to be pure, clear, transparent. Crystal or crystal of quartz is a six-sided prism, terminated by six-sided pyramids. It belongs to the siliceous class of minerals: it is exceedingly clear and brilliant, insomuch that this property of it has become proverbial, as clear as crystal.

    Barnes' Notes on Job 28:17

    The gold and the crystal - A crystal, in chemistry, is an inorganic body which, by the operation of affinity, has assumed the form of a regular solid, terminated by a number of plane and smooth surfaces. It is round in various forms and sizes, and is composed of a great variety of substances. The common "rock crystal" is a general name for all the transparent crystals of quartz, particularly of limpid or colorless quartz. "Webster." The word used here (זכוּכית zekûkı̂yth) occurs nowhere else in the Bible. It is from זכה zâkâh, to be clean, pure; and is given to the crystal on account of its transparency. In Arabic the word means either glass or crystal. Jerome translates it, "vitrum" - glass; the Septuagint ὕαλος hualos - crystal, or the "lapis crystallinus." Hesychius says that the crystal denotes λαμπρὸν κρύος lampron kruos - "clear ice" or, λίθον τίμιον lithon timion - "a precious stone." There is no reason to suppose that "glass" was known so early as this, and the probability is that the word here denotes something like the rock crystal, having a strong resemblance to the diamond, and perhaps then regarded as nearly of equal value. It cannot be supposed that the relative value of gems was then understood as it is now.

    Jewels of fine gold - Margin, "vessels." The Hebrew word כלי kelı̂y properly means vessels, or instruments. It may refer here, however, to ornaments for the person, as it was in that way chiefly that gold was employed.
    Book: Job