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Psalms 40:2

    Psalms 40:2 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet on a rock, and established my goings.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay; And he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    He took me up out of a deep waste place, out of the soft and sticky earth; he put my feet on a rock, and made my steps certain.

    Webster's Revision

    He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay; And he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

    World English Bible

    He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay. He set my feet on a rock, and gave me a firm place to stand.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay; and he set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

    Definitions for Psalms 40:2

    Miry - Muddy.

    Clarke's Commentary on Psalms 40:2

    A horrible pit - Literally, the sounding pit; where nothing was heard except the howlings of wild beasts, or the hollow sounds of winds reverberated and broken from the craggy sides and roof.

    The miry clay - Where the longer I stayed the deeper I sank, and was utterly unable to save myself. The Syriac and Arabic translate "The pit of perdition, and the mud of corruption." These are figurative expressions to point out the dreary, dismal, ruinous state of sin and guilt, and the utter inability of a condemned sinner to save himself either from the guilt of his conscience, or the corruption of his heart.

    Set my feet upon a rock - Thou hast changed my state from guilt to pardon; from corruption to holiness; in consequence of which my goings are established. I have now power over all sin, and can walk steadily in the way that leads to God's kingdom.

    Barnes' Notes on Psalms 40:2

    He brought me up also out of an horrible pit - Margin: "A pit of noise." The word used here means a pit; a cistern; a prison; a dungeon; a grave. This last signification of the word is found in Psalm 28:1; Psalm 30:4; Psalm 88:4; Isaiah 38:18; Isaiah 14:19. It may refer to any calamity - or to trouble, like being in a pit - or it may refer to the grave. The word rendered "horrible" - שׁאון shâ'ôn - means properly "noise, uproar, tumult," as of waters; of a crowd of men; of war. Then it seems to be used in the sense of "desolation" or "destruction," as applicable to the grave. DeWette understands it here of a pit, a cavern, or an abyss that roars or is tumultuous; that is, that is impassable. Perhaps this is the idea - a cavern, deep and dark, where the waters roar, and which seems to be filled with horrors. So Rosenmuller understands it. The Septuagint renders it: ἐκ λάκκου ταλαιπωρίας ek lakkou talaipōrias, "a lake of misery." It is a deep and horrid cavern, where there is no hope of being rescued, or where it would seem that there would be certain destruction.

    Out of the miry clay - At the bottom of the pit. Where there was no solid ground - no rock on which to stand. See Jeremiah 38:6; Psalm 69:2, Psalm 69:14.

    And set my feet upon a rock - Where there was firm standing.

    And established my goings - Or, fixed my steps. That is, he enabled me to walk as on solid ground; he conducted me along safely, where there was no danger of descending to the pit again or of sinking in the mire. If we understand this of the Redeemer, it refers to that time when, his sorrows ended, and his work of atonement done, it became certain that he would never be exposed again to such dangers, or sink into such a depth of woes, but that his course ever onward would be one of safety and of glory.

    Wesley's Notes on Psalms 40:2

    40:2 Pit - Desperate dangers and calamities. Rock - A place of strength and safety. Established - Kept me from falling into mischief.