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Revelation 16:8

    Revelation 16:8 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And the fourth let what was in his vessel come out on the sun; and power was given to it that men might be burned with fire.

    Webster's Revision

    And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

    World English Bible

    The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to him to scorch men with fire.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

    Definitions for Revelation 16:8

    Angel - Messenger.
    Vial - Bowl; goblet.

    Clarke's Commentary on Revelation 16:8

    Poured out his vial upon the sun - Mr. Robert Fleming, more than one hundred years ago, in his View of Scripture Prophecy, supposed that the sun here meant the French empire, and conjectured that this vial would be poured out on that empire about the year 1794. And it is remarkable that in 1793 the French king was beheaded by the National Assembly; and great and unparalleled miseries fell upon the French nation, which nearly extinguished all their nobility, and brought about a war that lasted twenty-three years, and nearly ruined that country and all the nations of Europe.

    Barnes' Notes on Revelation 16:8

    And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun - Toward the sun, or so as to reach the sun. The effect was as if it had been poured upon the sun, giving it an intense heat, and thus inflicting a severe judgment upon people. This corresponds also with the fourth trumpet Revelation 8:12, where it is said, that the "third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars." For the general meaning of this symbol see the notes on that place. The idea is, that a scene of calamity and woe would occur as if the sun should be made to pour forth such intense heat that people would be "scorched." It cannot be supposed that the sun would be literally made hotter, or that the exact nature of these calamities would be that people would be consumed by its rays.

    And power was given unto him - To the sun. The meaning is, that a calamity would follow as if such an increased power should be given to its rays.

    To scorch men with fire - Literally, "And it was given him to scorch men with fire" - that is, with heat so great that it seemed to be fire. The Greek word - καυματίσαι kaumatisai - meaning "to burn, to scorch" - is used in the New Testament only in Matthew 13:6; Mark 4:6; Revelation 16:8-9, in all which places it is rendered "scorch" and "scorched." Compare, however, the use of the word καῦμα kauma, in Revelation 7:16; Revelation 16:9; καῦσις kausis, in Hebrews 6:8; καυσόω kausoō, in 1 Peter 3:10, 1 Peter 3:12; and καύσων kausōn, in Matthew 20:12; Luke 12:55; James 1:11. The notion of intense or consuming heat is implied in all the forms of the word; and the reference here is to some calamity that would be well represented by such an increased heat of the sun.

    Wesley's Notes on Revelation 16:8

    16:8 The fourth poured out his phial upon the sun - Which was likewise affected by the fourth trumpet. There is also a plain resemblance between the first, second, and third phials, and the first, second, and third trumpet. And it was given him - The angel. To scorch the men - Who had the mark of the beast. With fire - As well as with the beams of the sun. So these four phials affected earth, water, fire, and air.