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Romans 4:4

    Romans 4:4 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Now to him that works is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned as of grace, but as of debt.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    Now, the reward is credited to him who does works, not as of grace but as a debt.

    Webster's Revision

    Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned as of grace, but as of debt.

    World English Bible

    Now to him who works, the reward is not counted as grace, but as something owed.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned as of grace, but as of debt.

    Definitions for Romans 4:4

    Grace - Kindness; favor.

    Clarke's Commentary on Romans 4:4

    Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt - Therefore, if Abraham had been justified by works, the blessings he received would have been given to him as a reward for those works, and consequently his believing could have had no part in his justification, and his faith would have been useless.

    Barnes' Notes on Romans 4:4

    Now to him that worketh ... - This passage is not to be understood as affirming that any actually have worked out their salvation by conformity to the Law so as to be saved by their own merits; but it expresses a general truth in regard to works. On that plan, if a man were justified by his works, it would be a matter due to him. It is a general principle in regard to contracts and obligations, that where a man fulfils them he is entitled to the reward as what is due to him, and which he can claim. This is well understood in all the transactions among people. Where a man has fulfilled the terms of a contract, to pay him is not a matter of favor; he has earned it; and we are bound to pay him. So says the apostle, it would be, if a man were justified by his works. He would have a claim on God. It would be wrong not to justify him. And this is an additional reason why the doctrine cannot be true; compare Romans 11:6.

    The reward - The pay, or wages. The word is commonly applied to the pay of soldiers, day-laborers, etc.; Matthew 20:8; Luke 10:7; 1 Timothy 5:18; James 5:4. It has a similar meaning here.

    Reckoned - Greek, Imputed. The same word which, in Romans 4:3, is rendered "counted," and in Romans 4:22, imputed. It is used here in its strict and proper sense, to reckon that as belonging to a man which is his own, or which is due to him; see the note at Romans 4:3.

    Of grace - Of favor; as a gift.

    Of debt - As due; as a claim; as a fair compensation according to the contract.

    Wesley's Notes on Romans 4:4

    4:4 Now to him that worketh - All that the law requires, the reward is no favour, but an absolute debt. These two examples are selected and applied with the utmost judgment and propriety. Abraham was the most illustrious pattern of piety among the Jewish patriarchs. David was the most eminent of their kings. If then neither of these was justified by his own obedience, if they both obtained acceptance with God, not as upright beings who might claim it, but as sinful creatures who must implore it, the consequence is glaring It is such as must strike every attentive understanding, and must affect every individual person.