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Zechariah 1:18

    Zechariah 1:18 Translations

    King James Version (KJV)

    Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

    American King James Version (AKJV)

    Then lifted I up my eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

    American Standard Version (ASV)

    And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, four horns.

    Basic English Translation (BBE)

    And lifting up my eyes I saw four horns.

    Webster's Revision

    And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, four horns.

    World English Bible

    I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold, four horns.

    English Revised Version (ERV)

    And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

    Clarke's Commentary on Zechariah 1:18

    And behold four horns - Denoting four powers by which the Jews had been oppressed; the Assyrians, Persians, Chaldeans, and Egyptians. Or these enemies may be termed four, in reference to the four cardinal points of the heavens, whence they came: -

    1. North. The Assyrians and Babylonians.

    2. East. The Moabites and Ammonites.

    3. South. The Egyptians.

    4. West. The Philistines.

    See Martin.

    Barnes' Notes on Zechariah 1:18

    And I lifted up mine eyes - o. Cyril on Zechariah 2:1 : "Not those of the body (for such visions are invisible to the eyes of the flesh), but rather the inner eyes of the heart and mind." It seems as though, at the close of each vision, Zechariah sank in meditation on what had been shown him; from which he was again roused by the exhibition of another vision.

    I saw four horns - The mention of the horns naturally suggests the thought of the creatures which wielded them; as in the first vision that of the horses following the chiefs, implies the presence of the riders upon them. And this the more, since the word "fray them away" implies living creatures, liable to fear. Cyril: "The horn, in inspired Scripture, is always taken as an image of strength, and mostly of pride also, as David said to some, "I said unto the fools, Deal not so foolishly, and to the ungodly, Lift not up the horns. Lift not up your horns on high and speak not with a stiff neck" Psalm 75:4. The prophet then sees four horns, that is, four hard and warlike nations, who could easily uproot cities and countries."

    Wesley's Notes on Zechariah 1:18

    1:18 Four horns - Emblems of the enemies of the Jews.